What's the difference between Great Britain and the United Kingdom? What's the best English music festival? And do English people really drink a lot of tea? Read about England and find out!

England is the biggest of the four countries in the United Kingdom. Together with Scotland and Wales, these three countries are the island of Great Britain. The English Channel is in the south between England and France. People travel to France by ferry across the English Channel or by train through the Channel Tunnel which goes under the sea.

Over 50 million people live in England and that’s around 80 per cent of the total UK population. It is a multicultural country where more than 250 languages are spoken in the capital city, London. The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy, which means that there is a queen or king but they don’t make the laws of the country. Laws and political decisions in England are made by the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The Houses of Parliament are in central London next to the River Thames and the most famous part is the clock tower, Big Ben.

Other large cities in England are Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool, Leeds and Bristol. Outside cities, England is a very green country and has many rural areas of natural beauty such as the Lake District, an area with lots of lakes in the north, and the New Forest, a big area of forest in the south of the country.


The official language of England is English, which is spoken today by millions of people all over the world. Many students go to England from other countries to study the language and learn about the culture. Although everyone speaks English, there are many different accents around the country. French was the official language in England between 1066 and 1362, which is why there are many French words and expressions in English such as ‘bon voyage’ for ‘have a good trip’ or ‘bouquet’ for ‘a bunch of flowers’.


English people love music. In the summer you can go to music festivals all over the country like those at Glastonbury, Leeds or Reading. Glastonbury is a five-day festival of music, dance, comedy, theatre and circus and around 175,000 people go. Many people stay at the festivals for a few days and camp in tents. People listen to all types of music, especially pop and rock. England has produced many international groups and singers like the Beatles, Amy Winehouse, Coldplay, Ed Sheeran and Adele.


The most popular sports in England are football, rugby and cricket and most towns have a sports ground where teams can play. English football teams like Manchester United, Chelsea and Liverpool are world-famous and English football players include David Beckham, Wayne Rooney and Harry Kane. Women’s football is also popular and teams play in leagues and competitions all over the country. Every year, the English rugby union team play in the Six Nations Championship against Wales, Scotland, Ireland, France and Italy. Cricket is a traditional sport played with a bat and ball which began in England and is now played all over the world. People like to watch all these sports on television, as well as other sports like horse racing, tennis, snooker (a type of billiards) and motor racing.


England is a very multicultural country and this has a big influence on the food people eat. Indian, Chinese and Italian cuisines are popular alternatives to traditional English food like fish and chips, roast beef or sausage and mash (mashed potatoes). Many English people drink several cups of tea every day, usually with milk. However, coffee and herbal teas are also popular.


The national flag of England is white with a red cross. It is called the St George’s Cross and Saint George is the patron saint of England. St George’s Day is on 23 April, but it’s not a public holiday. The rose is the national flower of England and the lion is the national animal. The lion is a symbol of many English sports teams.


Have you ever been to England? Would you like to go?

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Kontraktilkoful's picture
Kontraktilkoful 8 January, 2016 - 17:11

I've never been in England. But ı really want to go there. Because i am wondering English culture, London, Big Ben and i am wondering Queen's Guards too. I like their uniforms. I hope i'll see all of these one day.

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azrealss's picture
azrealss 19 January, 2016 - 14:01

OMG :) Me too. I really want to travel to England, live and work in London!!
And now, I a trying my best to learn English well to make my dream comes true ^_^

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BigBen6464's picture
BigBen6464 10 December, 2015 - 12:49

I've never been in England, but I'll probably go to London at the end of my primary school. Can't wait! I also have a dream about studying in London.... Maybe it will come true!

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andygaribay's picture
andygaribay 1 October, 2015 - 22:35

I would love to go to England. I want to live there for a little period of my life and experience new things.

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Salmankas's picture
Salmankas 5 August, 2015 - 21:28

Hi dear british council editors and members!
I love British Councip so much.. And I love abroad. I love UK and English....

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Jonathan - Coordinator's picture
Jonathan - Coor... 6 August, 2015 - 06:49

Hi Salmankas. Thanks a lot for your positive comment! We hope you keep on visiting this site and please write us a comment and tell us which pages you like. Good luck with your English practice :)
Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

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rella2307's picture
rella2307 18 July, 2015 - 14:01

Yes, I went in England with my family last summer. We visited London, Liverpool and York. In February I went in Oxford , my school organised all and I stayed one week in a family as a guest. I'd really like to study in England and stay there for more time.

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julia11's picture
julia11 7 July, 2015 - 09:57

Sure, want to visit Manchester United Stadium and also want to see David Beckham if I'm a lucky girl

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Ken's picture
Ken 5 July, 2015 - 14:29

Yes, I'd like to go! I'd like to ride a steam locomotive in the UK in the future!
─=≡Σ((( つ•̀ω•́)つ

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