Sophie is in Iceland for work and Oliver is in a really bad mood. 

We use conditional sentences to say one thing depends on another. They can be used to talk about real or imaginary situations. One of the clauses starts with if (or a similar word) – this is the conditional clause. The other clause talks about the result of the conditional clause happening.

Ummm?

Don’t worry, it’s a lot easier than it sounds. Let’s look at some examples.

If you don’t tell me, I’ll just keep asking.
If I promise to travel less, will you forgive me?

I know that one. It’s a first conditional: if + present simple, then will + infinitive.

That’s right. It’s for talking about a situation in the future which the speaker thinks is quite possible. If the first condition happens, something will happen as a result. In this conditional sentence, the present tense after if refers to the future, not the present.

And can you change the order of the clauses round?

Yes, and we leave out the comma in the middle of the sentence if the order is changed round.

I’ll just keep asking if you don’t tell me.

OK. I also know the second conditional. If + past simple, then would + infinitive.

Right again! This is for talking about an unlikely or unreal condition.

If you travelled less because of me, I’d feel worse.
If I had the opportunity to visit places like that, I wouldn’t complain!

So, in the second example, Oliver doesn’t think he will have the opportunity to travel a lot. It’s possible but improbable. We use the past simple to show that it’s not likely, not to indicate past time.

Can you use any other verbs, apart from would, in this kind of conditional?

Yes, we sometimes use other modal verbs like might or could in the result clause (not the if clause).

I see. What about, 'If you mix blue and yellow, you get green'. Is that a conditional?

Yes. That’s a zero conditional. We often use them for facts, or in academic subjects.

When it rains a lot, the animals move to higher ground. (geography)

What about other words that can replace if, like unless and as long as?

Well, unless is a kind of negative version of if.

I’ll never go unless you take me. (= If you don’t take me, I’ll never go.)

As long as imposes a condition on someone. You’re telling them what you expect them to do.

You can borrow my surfboard as long as you get it back to me by five o’clock.

So if you agree to what I say, you can borrow my surfboard?

Exactly.

Are there any other conditionals?

Well, there’s the third conditional, but we’ll deal with that separately.

Phew! Now, if you don’t mind, I’ll have to stop there.

That’s fine, as long as everything’s clear!

 

Discussion

If you could go anywhere in the world on your next holiday, where would you go and why?

Comments

rebbit2009's picture
15x
14x
rebbit2009 19 July, 2022 - 12:58

I think that I would go to Italy, because I really like this country and want to see it ^.^

up
1 user has voted.
Anouki's picture
0x
1x
Anouki 27 April, 2022 - 10:43

If I had the pleasure to go somewhere for the next holidays, it would be Hawaii or any tropical island for sure. The main reason why I chose specifically this place is that for me, there is nothing better on the earth than sitting on the beach and watching the sunset.

up
0 users have voted.
qwerty's picture
4x
8x
qwerty 29 March, 2022 - 10:22

If I could go anywhere in the world, it would be Paris, Paris is a beautiful city!There are many beautiful places here, and the Eiffel Tower is as high as two houses in Moscow City!My family and I have already tried to fly to Paris, but it didn't work out, everything was canceled,I really wanted to visit Disneyland, but I think in the future, I will definitely visit Paris, There are a lot of people here, this makes the city very lively and a great place to hang out, there are a lot of tourists here, and people work. Everyone is doing well because they live in Paris!

up
0 users have voted.
Evelyn_Rosario's picture
3x
12x
Evelyn_Rosario 25 March, 2022 - 05:28

If I had the opportunity to travel, I would without a doubt travel to my country (USA), to learn to speak English again, since for family reasons we had to come to Mexico a few years ago.
Therefore, I want to improve my English and speak it all the time, as well as visit my family, have experiences, return to the places of my childhood, create memories with my brothers and my parents.

up
0 users have voted.
Abby_137's picture
1x
2x
Abby_137 11 March, 2022 - 03:02

If I had a chance to go anywhere in this world, it would definitely be Switzerland. One of the most beautiful countries in the world, with breathtaking scenery, clean and high-standard civilization, everything is perfectly fine. The pleasant weather, picturesque snowy ice-mountains (Swiss Alps, of course), fairy-tale-like castles, gorgeous waterfalls, tasty food, numerous villages; it's surely a living paradise. I have heard that if you are thirsty, it’s OK to drink water from anywhere, even from the stream beside the road. Also, the public restrooms are as clean as the ones in hotels. I am very jealous of those who were born in Switzerland. God clearly has his favorites:). I wish I could spend the rest of my life with my loved ones in a small Swiss village.><

up
1 user has voted.
fanny's picture
11x
7x
fanny 16 August, 2021 - 02:46

If I´ll to travel on the next holiday I travel to Amsterdam, because is a really beautiful place and I would like to drink a coffe or tea if I had enough money to travel with my family

up
0 users have voted.
strawberry123_'s picture
20x
48x
strawberry123_ 28 July, 2021 - 08:34

If I could go anywhere in the world on my next holiday, I would definitely go to Italy. It is my dream to be there for almost 5 years. I would choose that place because it`s a really beautiful, old country with an interesting history. I would definitely go to Rom and visit a lot of museums, including the Coliseum there. Of course, I would also visit Venice, because it is a really beautiful city and I want to walk through its street and ride a gondola. Also, I would like to visit a city near the sea and a city near the mountains in Italy, because there is incredibly beautiful nature.

up
0 users have voted.
Mamou1's picture
8x
0x
Mamou1 15 July, 2021 - 09:56

If I had the opportunity to go anywhere in the world, I would probably go to a place where there is peace, work, beaches, sun, amusement parks and where I can learn something new, discover something I will never expect to see, be able to see other people with a different thought where there is no injustice, segregation, thieves, where everyone can be together and if there really is a place like that in this world I would love to go there. because today the world is a place where we live 70% in fear where there are always many people who believe themselves to be superior, where crime and racism take an important place. so I want a place where everyone can live in peace and this is where I want to spend my hollyday.

up
1 user has voted.
hermione123's picture
40x
41x
hermione123 16 July, 2021 - 12:02

Tell me about it. It must be a lot of fun to visit that kind of place (if it exists). But honestly, I'm not sure there is a perfect place where nothing bad happens. There is always something that's not we absolutely like. But we can still think positive, that way you can feel a lot better:)

up
1 user has voted.
Mamou1's picture
8x
0x
Mamou1 21 July, 2021 - 11:46

Well I'm not going to lie but I have always had an interest in the world, society, people, how do they think, what do they have in mind, Why sometimes, to resolve a conflict , we need war? why does everyone want power ?. I always wanted to find the answers to all these questions because, if we really thought about everything that is going on, it is not our fault but we pay all the consequences. that's why, when the British council asks questions about any place I want to spend my hollyday I did not hesitate to write this answer. I'm sure I'm not the only one who is deraming for this kind of place. However, I completely agree with you, I don't think that now there is such a place, but if we think carefully if you are with the people you love and cherish everywhere would be great. Having a positive mind, optimism can help you solve all the little things that you are not happy with. but i want to believe that if we want such a place we have to work harder, start with ourselves and try to convince others what do you think? and one day maybe the dream will come true, we can have a place like this.

up
1 user has voted.
hermione123's picture
40x
41x
hermione123 22 July, 2021 - 08:45

you're interest on our society and the world is just so awesome. i realize that not every people see the world just like you do, that's a shame and you're right, if we want to change the world into a better place for all of us, we should work real hard and start with ourselves. i kinda feel like you're into some kind of activism, is that right?

up
2 users have voted.
PrinceK's picture
1x
0x
PrinceK 2 July, 2021 - 11:54

If i had a chance i would probably go to the USA. The main reason is that each of 50 states has its own diverse culture. The Mexico like southern states, the Britain like east coast states, the France like Louisiana and more and more. Also each of the biggest cities in the USA has its own mixed culture that combines unique parts of each state. This is why I want to visit The USA

up
0 users have voted.
Cfvdv's picture
8x
0x
Cfvdv 30 March, 2021 - 18:29

Well, if I could go anywhere I want, I would go to France. That is a beautiful country with beatufull architecture, beatuful cities, museums and nice mountains that I could do snowboard.

up
0 users have voted.
Arivelde's picture
10x
0x
Arivelde 29 March, 2021 - 17:08

If I could go anywhere in the world, I would probably go to somewhere in Europe. Most likely some place like Italy, Greece, where the landscape is beautiful, where there are a lot of beaches, old cities, great food... But I think that I would like to go to Switzerland too, where I could do snow sports and appreciate a nice cup of one of the best hot chocolate in the world while I look at the famous Swiss Alps.

up
3 users have voted.
Didik's picture
7x
0x
Didik 22 March, 2021 - 21:06

If I could go anywhere I want, I would go to Disneyworld because there it is verry exciting and cool all the rides they have. I've been there once and i'd like to go there again.

up
2 users have voted.
Kostantinus's picture
46x
0x
Kostantinus 26 January, 2021 - 10:13

I would like to go to some Asia countries, because I love sun, fruits, flowers, monkeys, elephants, beautiful sea landscapes, swimming. I will definitely have a chance to go there in the future.

up
0 users have voted.
hermione123's picture
40x
41x
hermione123 27 January, 2021 - 23:42

I live in a tropical country, Kostantinus. And, there are so many beautiful beaches in my country, blue sea, warm sunshine, palm trees, tropical trees, tropical fruit, monkeys ( but, just in the jungle, of course ) and tropical forest, waterfall.... ;D

up
1 user has voted.
hermione123's picture
40x
41x
hermione123 1 January, 2021 - 00:10

i never go skiing, i live in tropical country. but, if i could go anywhere i think i'd go to Europe, maybe i'd try to go skiing

up
1 user has voted.
merdidi_104's picture
0x
0x
merdidi_104 14 November, 2020 - 13:20

For my next holiday,I would go to New York because is such a beautiful place with amazing buildings and culture.

up
0 users have voted.
Giovannichoi's picture
10x
0x
Giovannichoi 7 July, 2020 - 03:50

I want to visit Greece and Egypt, for there are the famouse attractions, such as Parthenon, and Pyramid.

up
1 user has voted.
Egor's picture
0x
0x
Egor 13 May, 2020 - 10:17

If I could go anywhere for the holidays, I would go to England. Because it is interesting for me to see how people live there and look at their culture, look at Big Ben.In addition to this, I want to get into the Tower of London, and take a ride in the London eye.

up
2 users have voted.
Malyinik's picture
0x
0x
Malyinik 7 May, 2020 - 14:49

If I could go anywhere in the world on my next holiday, I would go to China. I like to learn about new technologies.

up
1 user has voted.
Niloy02's picture
0x
0x
Niloy02 27 April, 2020 - 04:54

If you could go anywhere in the world on your next holiday, I would love to go Saudi Arabia as Saudi Arabia has many holy places for Muslims to visit we can learn many historic things about Islam there

up
1 user has voted.

Pages