In this type of test, you have two sentences. Sentence one is complete. Sentence two is incomplete. You have to complete sentence two so that it means the same as sentence one. For example:

Steven Spielberg directed Jurassic Park.
Jurassic Park _________ Steven Spielberg.

Answer: Jurassic Park was directed by Steven Spielberg.

Here are our tips for doing sentence transformation exercises well.

  • Read the instructions carefully.
  • Are you given a word to include in sentence two? If so, don’t change this word.
  • How many words are you allowed to write to complete sentence two? Sometimes the instructions will tell you that there is a maximum word limit.
  • Read sentences one and two slowly and carefully.
  • Which part of sentence one is tested in sentence two?
  • What grammar do you need to use?
  • If you don’t know an answer, guess. You may be right!
  • Check your spelling carefully.
  • Check your answers carefully when you finish.
  • Sentence transformations often test direct and indirect speech, comparative and superlative forms, active and passive forms, quantifiers, conditionals and verb patterns.


Do you like sentence transformation exercises? Try our practice exercise to see if you are good at these.


heeyitskate's picture
heeyitskate 28 April, 2021 - 09:45

Hi there!
In my opinion, these exercises are rather difficult. However, they're also interesting and I like doing such kind of exercises. "Practise makes perfect" :D

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phamvinhtien's picture
phamvinhtien 18 May, 2017 - 17:34

In Vietnam, we have to learn a lot of grammar to transform it properly as a skill. I'm not bad at this aspect but some of my friends have to learn it really hard. This exercise, we had to do it well when we were at grade 8th. I think you should make more exercise, especially special transformations for us to widen our knowledge.

1 user has voted.
JoEditor's picture
JoEditor 18 May, 2017 - 20:30

Hi there, 
Thanks a lot for your comments. We have quite a lot of sentence transformation exercises on the site, in various sections. Have you checked out our Science UK section? There are lots of great exercises like sentence transformations there. 
Best wishes, Jo (LearnEnglish Teens Team) 

1 user has voted.
Junevy26's picture
Junevy26 18 April, 2013 - 13:55

I quite like sentence transformation athough it's very difficult. I have to learn this for all of my English exams. At school, it's easy but when doing more exercises at higher levels, it's very hard for me to finish all of them. If we want to do this well, we have to know many structures, phrasal verbs and idioms. Doing this is a way to prove our knowledge about English.
If I'm not good at this, can I try out your practice exercise :)) ?
__(This is June)____

0 users have voted.
Jonathan - Coordinator's picture
Jonathan - Coor... 18 April, 2013 - 15:48

Hi June! By all means, try the exercise and see how you get on. If you have any questions, you can write them here in a comment. You're right, this type of exercise is challenging, but it should make you feel good if you get it right!
Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

0 users have voted.