Sophie is working in Rome this week. Oliver, Alfie and Daisy have decided to eat out tonight.

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When we want to compare two or more things, we can change the form of adjectives by adding –er or –est. We can also use extra words like more or most and expressions like not as … as.

Here are some examples:

I think you're taller than me. (tall)
She's the tallest in the group. (tall)
The pizzas in La Bella Napoli are better than the ones in Pietro's. (good)
It was the best pizza I've ever had! (good)
People say Bioshock is a more exciting game than Skyrim. (exciting)
Grand Theft Auto is the most exciting video game. (exciting)

Mmm, I don't quite see what the rule is here.

With most one-syllable adjectives, we add –er or est, and with most adjectives with two syllables or more, we add more or (the) most. In comparatives, we also use than before the second thing which is compared, if it is mentioned.

La Bella Napoli is nearer than Pietro's. (near)
It's not the cheapest restaurant though. (cheap)

With one-syllable adjectives ending in vowel + consonant, remember to double the final consonant before –er/est.

big bigger biggest

If the adjective ends in –e, just add –r or st.

large larger largest

So what are the exceptions, apart from good better best?

Other exceptions are bad worse worst and far further/farther furthest/farthest.

      They use the worst cheese.

What about adjectives ending in –y, like crazy? My brother is crazier than me.

Yes, that's correct. With adjectives ending in y, you change the y to i and add er/ est.

lucky luckier luckiest             happy happier happiest

They've got the friendliest waiters!

With most adjectives with typical adjective endings, and with two or more syllables, you use more/most + adjective.

They do the most disgusting pasta I've ever tasted.

What other ways of comparing things are there?

We often use not as … as.

I'm not as tall as you. (= I'm smaller than you)
Maybe the pizza at La Bella Napoli isn't as good as I remember. 

And what about less and least?

Yes, less and least are also ways of comparing things. They are used more in writing.

It is less cold in the north of the country than in the south. (the north is warmer, but both north and south are cold)
Of the four participants, Bill is the least experienced. (the other three have more experience)

OK, this isn't as hard as I thought. I think I've got it, more or less.

 

Total votes: 2981
Language level: 

Discussion

Which meal do you think is tastier, fish and chips or pizza? Where do you get the best pizza where you live?

Comments

MyStudyCoachJonas's picture
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MyStudyCoachJonas 9 May, 2017 - 00:36

my dog is the fastest in the family but he is also the craziest. : )

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Jonathan - Coordinator's picture
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Jonathan - Coor... 5 April, 2017 - 13:57

Hi nastyazefda. Which sentence do you mean? Is it this one?

  • OK, this isn't as hard as I thought. I think I've got it, more or less.

Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

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nastyazefda's picture
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nastyazefda 6 April, 2017 - 14:33

No, i mean the last replic from the dialog - Dalsy: fish and chips IT IS THEN - but should we go to Hubbard's or The Dolphin? "It is then" what does it mean?

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Jonathan - Coordinator's picture
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Jonathan - Coor... 7 April, 2017 - 06:31

Ah, I see! This is an idiomatic usage. You can say '______ it is (then)' when you are deciding between several options and you finally make your decision. Use this phrase to show what you have decided.

In the dialogue, Daisy and Oliver are deciding between having pizza or fish and chips. 'Fish and chips it is then' means something like 'So, our final decision is fish and chips'.

Here's another example:

A: Shall we have tea or coffee?

B: I love coffee!

A: Me too, but it's late. If I have coffee now, I won't sleep tonight.

B: Ok. Tea it is.

So it's usually used after there has been some extended discussion of the options. It's not normally used for a quick decision. 

You might also notice that we always use 'it is' (never 'they are'), even with a plural noun (e.g. fish and chips). 

Have I explained it clearly? 

Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

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Aliceinthewonderland's picture
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Aliceinthewonderland 5 January, 2017 - 14:28

For me,pizza is tastier than fish and chips.Pizza have many types of ingredients like chesse, mushrooms,tomatoes,chicken,etc. Despite, fish is healthier than pizza. My favourite restaurant of pizza is called "Pizza Hut " (This is just my own opinion)

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Srilal's picture
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Srilal 18 November, 2016 - 16:40

Dear Sir
Please explain this: There are two principal types of smoke alarms. Ionization alarms are the cheapest.
In the second sentence why the writer uses 'the cheapest' why not 'cheaper'
Please let me know.
Best regards
Srilal

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Jo - Coordinator's picture
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Jo - Coordinator 21 November, 2016 - 08:19

Hi Srilal! Good question! The writer uses the superlative, which is for comparing more than two things. They say there are two principal types, but this suggests that there are also other types. So to compare all of these - the principal types and the others - the writer uses a superlative. Best wishes, Joanna (LearnEnglish Teens team)

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julian6428's picture
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julian6428 14 November, 2016 - 05:12

I’m more interested in music than sport. - This computer is better than that one. - This book is not as exciting as the last one. - The cafeteria is not as crowded as usual. - Alice teaches worse than my mother.

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ealkan's picture
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ealkan 31 August, 2016 - 19:48

I think pizza is tastier and worse than fish and chips. Near the Gurme is best getting pizza in the Yozgat

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lekimkhanh0109's picture
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lekimkhanh0109 29 July, 2016 - 04:55

I've never eaten fish and chips before so I don't know its taste. I've tried pizza . I think it's delicious if it's cooked with the best cheese. Mmmm, I want to know fish and chips, can you help me? Just through a picture or a recipe. Thank you so much!!!

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Tina - Coordinator's picture
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Tina - Coordinator 29 July, 2016 - 07:01

Dear lekimkhanh0109!
A plate of fish and chips is one of my favourite English dishes ... you could take a look at our video all about food in Britain and at the very last part you will see a chip :)
I hope you enjoy watching it ... Tina (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

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ceren123's picture
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ceren123 5 March, 2016 - 19:02

I think the best meal is chip. Because chip is cheaper than fish and pizza. I get the best pizza in dominos pizza

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GONZALOJIMENEZ's picture
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GONZALOJIMENEZ 15 July, 2016 - 15:26

I like the fish because it is nutritious and has many preparations is very healthy

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Elsa007's picture
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Elsa007 1 March, 2016 - 13:04

I like pizza better than fish and chips.
Cuz fish and chips is all about cod, oil and potatoes, while a pizza has various toppings of vegetables, cheese, meet, anchovy…etc.
I like colorful food! ☆

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Vic29's picture
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Vic29 1 March, 2016 - 09:52

I'm not too much fond of pizza, I love fish. In Las Torres de Cotillas the best pizza have in Ñam Ñam

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Alodia121's picture
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Alodia121 1 March, 2016 - 09:47

I think the best meal is pizza. the most incredible pizza I've ever had in my town was in a restaurant called ÑamÑam.

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princess2001's picture
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princess2001 5 December, 2015 - 07:34

I think fish is tastier than pizza. Being not fond of pizza, I don't know where the best pizza is got in the area where I live. I like fish more than pizza. I love the fish fried at home. I don't hesitate to admit that it's not the tastiest fish in the world though.

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princess2001's picture
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princess2001 5 December, 2015 - 07:25

though I'm not too much fond of pizza, I love fish a lot. cooked fish got from market are usually salty that's why I prefer to fry fish at home.

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