Comparative and superlative adjectives

Comparative and superlative adjectives

Instructions: 

As you watch the video, look at the examples of comparatives and superlative adjectives. They are in red in the subtitles. Then read the conversation below to learn more. Finally, do the grammar exercises to check you understand, and can use, comparatives and superlative adjectives correctly.

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Sophie is working in Rome this week. Oliver, Alfie and Daisy have decided to eat out tonight.

When we want to compare two or more things, we can change the form of adjectives by adding –er or –est. We can also use extra words like more or most and expressions like not as … as.

Here are some examples:

I think you're taller than me. (tall)
She's the tallest in the group. (tall)
The pizzas in La Bella Napoli are better than the ones in Pietro's. (good)
It was the best pizza I've ever had! (good)
People say Bioshock is a more exciting game than Skyrim. (exciting)
Grand Theft Auto is the most exciting video game. (exciting)

Mmm, I don't quite see what the rule is here.

With most one-syllable adjectives, we add –er or est, and with most adjectives with two syllables or more, we add more or (the) most. In comparatives, we also use than before the second thing which is compared, if it is mentioned.

La Bella Napoli is nearer than Pietro's. (near)
It's not the cheapest restaurant though. (cheap)

With one-syllable adjectives ending in vowel + consonant, remember to double the final consonant before –er/est.

big bigger biggest

If the adjective ends in –e, just add –r or st.

large larger largest

So what are the exceptions, apart from good better best?

Other exceptions are bad worse worst and far further/farther furthest/farthest.

      They use the worst cheese.

What about adjectives ending in –y, like crazy? My brother is crazier than me.

Yes, that's correct. With adjectives ending in y, you change the y to i and add er/ est.

lucky luckier luckiest             happy happier happiest

They've got the friendliest waiters!

With most adjectives with typical adjective endings, and with two or more syllables, you use more/most + adjective.

They do the most disgusting pasta I've ever tasted.

What other ways of comparing things are there?

We often use not as … as.

I'm not as tall as you. (= I'm smaller than you)
Maybe the pizza at La Bella Napoli isn't as good as I remember. 

And what about less and least?

Yes, less and least are also ways of comparing things. They are used more in writing.

It is less cold in the north of the country than in the south. (the north is warmer, but both north and south are cold)
Of the four participants, Bill is the least experienced. (the other three have more experience)

OK, this isn't as hard as I thought. I think I've got it, more or less.

 

Total votes: 2320

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Discussion

Which meal do you think is tastier, fish and chips or pizza? Where do you get the best pizza where you live?

Comments

Elsa007's picture
27115x
771x

I like pizza better than fish and chips.
Cuz fish and chips is all about cod, oil and potatoes, while a pizza has various toppings of vegetables, cheese, meet, anchovy…etc.
I like colorful food! ☆

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29 users have voted.
princess2001's picture
586x
17x

I think fish is tastier than pizza. Being not fond of pizza, I don't know where the best pizza is got in the area where I live. I like fish more than pizza. I love the fish fried at home. I don't hesitate to admit that it's not the tastiest fish in the world though.

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31 users have voted.
lalla02's picture
46x
1x

I love pizza. If you come in Italy you can eat the best pizza in the world. I never eat fish and chips... In my city, there are a lot of pizzerias

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37 users have voted.
nawaki's picture
714x
15x

In my opinion,chips and fish are not as tast as pizza.In my town , we don't have a special place for getting pizza, so we make it at home ,it is the tastest pizza in the world I think !

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58 users have voted.
pierina's picture
830x
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I really love pizza.in Quito,there are many kinds of pizza,such as double cheese,chicken.i don't like pizza hut,in it,pizza on discount is not good.

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58 users have voted.
nandosc9's picture
1290x
19x

For me, pizza is better than fish. The pizza has more variety of flavors than fish.
I think that the best pizza in Quito is Papa Jhons's pizza. Is the tastiest and also, has a lot of promotions.

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64 users have voted.
mike95rob's picture
1297x
21x

I think chips is tastier than pizza because i don´t like pizza but i think the best pizza in my country you can find in pizza hut

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58 users have voted.
Angielu's picture
1235x
19x

I think that fish and chips is the tastiest meal for me. In my country Ecuador the pizza is not as good as another country like Italian.

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64 users have voted.
JennySam's picture
1308x
21x

I think, pizza is the best. There are some restaurants which makes pizza. The best pizza that I can get is in the shopping mall near to my house.

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56 users have voted.
SpencerHastings's picture
311x
4x

I live in Romania and the pizza is not as good as the italian one but between fish and chips and pizza I would choose pizza. Here's a restaurant, Rustic. That's the best pizza from my town.

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94 users have voted.
dzeni's picture
17218x
173x

I prefer pizza but fish and chips are tasty too. The best pizza I got in restaurant Avanti, in centre of my city. Before I didn`t like pizza but when I taste it in that restaurant I was amazed. Ever since I like pizza but unluckily that restaurant recently closed so I must find some better.

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216 users have voted.

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