Alfie took his driving test for the second time this morning. Did he pass?

60

The past simple is the most common way of talking about past events or states which have finished. It is often used with past time references (e.g. yesterday, two years ago).

Please explain past events or states!

A past event could be one thing that happened in the past, or a repeated thing.

I stopped at a zebra crossing.
We carried on with the test.
We played tennis every day in August.

A state is a situation without an action happening.

We stayed at my grandparents' house last summer.

How do you form the past simple?

Regular past simple forms are formed by adding -ed to the infinitive of the verb.

start started
kill killed
jump jumped

That seems easy!  

Yes, but there are some spelling rules. If a verb ends in -e, you add -d.

agree agreed
like
liked
escape
escaped

If a verb ends in a vowel and a consonant, the consonant is usually doubled before -ed.

stop stopped
plan
planned

If a verb ends in consonant and -y, you take off the y and add -ied.

try tried
carry
carried        

But if the word ends in a vowel and -y, you add -ed.

play played
enjoy
enjoyed

OK, not quite so easy! But the past simple form doesn't change at all for I, you, he, she, we and they, does it?

No, the form doesn't change. See, it is easy!

What about the pronunciation of the -ed ending?

There are three kinds of pronunciation: /d/, /t/ and /ɪd/. Look at the table below.

/d/ /t/ /ɪd/
arrived asked wanted
failed crossed decided
agreed stopped started

Aaagh! How do I know how to pronounce each one?

Good question. Well, really all you need to know is that /d/ is easier to say after arrive, and /t/ is easier to say after ask. For /ɪd/, the infinitive ends in a /d/ or a /t/ sound already so you must add an extra syllable for these verbs.

All right, that makes sense, but how do you form questions and negatives?

With the verb did (do in the past) + the infinitive.

Did you pass?
You didn't fail, did you?
Yes, I did. / No, I didn't.

Right, thanks, I've got it now!

Good. But you also need to learn the irregular past simple forms.

You mean there are verbs that don't end in -ed in the past?

Yes, they don't all end in -ed. Have a look at the past simple irregular verbs too.

 

Total votes: 481
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Discussion

Did you like this grammar snack? What did you do yesterday? Tell us about your day.

Comments

Taioor's picture
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Taioor 19 August, 2014 - 12:20

I love all grammar snack videos, i have seen so far. Yesterday i studied English, IT and Maths.I tried my new fries recipe. My father and sister liked it alot. Thanks a lot" learnenglishteens"for these wonderful grammar videos. They make it so easy to understand grammar.

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Tina - Coordinator's picture
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Tina - Coordinator 19 August, 2014 - 13:51

Hi Taioor!
Thanks for your lovely comment! We are really glad that you are enjoying, and learning from these videos.
Tina ( LearnEnglish Teen Team)

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nguyenvuhau's picture
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nguyenvuhau 22 May, 2014 - 05:28

This grammar snack is useful to strengthen my knowledge. I'm trying to learn a lesson everyday.
Yesterday, I came home after work at 6:30. After taking a bath, I had a big breakfast with read and omelet the drank a cup of milk. After then , I went to bed until 12 because my sister waked me up to have lunch....

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Jonathan - Coordinator's picture
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Jonathan - Coor... 22 May, 2014 - 07:12

Hi nguyenvuhau! A lesson every day sounds like a great idea. Good luck with it and please keep on writing comments to practise what you are learning. :)

So, you have a job? Are you going to school too?

Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

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Nerminka's picture
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Nerminka 5 February, 2014 - 19:51

It was easier to learn new words for me after I divided them into groups, how they are formed, they are formed with some rules and after I classify them it became easier to learn. I had nothing different yesterday, I had an ordunnary day

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horse2002's picture
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horse2002 22 December, 2013 - 12:00

Poor Alfie! He didn't pass his driving test for the second time in a morning (Ahahaha).
But I like Grammar Snacks very much! They are very useful.

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AnaB's picture
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AnaB 18 November, 2013 - 18:34

Yes, I really liked this grammar snack. It helpped me a lot.
Well, frist I geted out of my bed, than I had breakfest, and after that I took the book in my hands. I studied a lot. When i finished I get out, to take a fresh air. Than my friedns called me, and I decided to go out with them. I called my parents, I told them that I wanna go out, Than I met my friends. After a few houres, a came home really exhausted. i even didn't notice, I fell asleep.

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Jonathan - Coordinator's picture
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Jonathan - Coor... 12 September, 2013 - 07:54

Hi Elcuapo. You're very welcome :) Which video did you like the most?
Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

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WildChild's picture
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WildChild 26 July, 2013 - 09:45

Yap! Yesterday I studied English , I watched TV...... I had fun because I was shopping too! :)

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Lover_english's picture
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Lover_english 2 July, 2013 - 12:34

I was at home the mostly of the day yesterday. I was very busy reading the new interesting book. I was watching very interesting TV programme during evening.
This grammar snack is wonderful and very usefull for me. Thank you very much.

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Natalija's picture
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Natalija 26 April, 2013 - 19:06

I was at home the mostly of the day yesterday; I had to study so much for today and I had to postpone everything, including my friend's party, which I regret so much, but I didn't have a choice. My chemistry teacher is so severe, so if I hadn't studied, she'd kill me:). I'll have to make it up to my friend.
I studied chemistry for 3,5 hours-we had so many lessons to learn, and than I studied history and physics for an hour. And I went to dance classes-it was so relaxing and it lasted for 2 hours, as usually.
Than I came back home, had a dinner and went sleep.
I was tired and exhausted, but it was worth of it-I got A at chemistry:)

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JoEditor's picture
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JoEditor 26 April, 2013 - 20:14

Congratulations on the A grade in Chemistry. :) It was worth all the hard work and studying! 
Best wishes, Jo (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

 

 

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Vikanda's picture
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Vikanda 2 January, 2013 - 13:49

Yea, I think - this lesson is good, but I learned it on English course, but I must remeber it, so - You did good job. (^w^)
Yesterday I was alive and alive and alive. And I slept. \(^o^)/

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jenniferkim's picture
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jenniferkim 27 December, 2012 - 05:32

Mmm...... Let me think
Yesterday I study Math for 4hours. It was really boring because I hate Math. It's too confusing..
After studying Math I played games. It was really fun. The time past so fast.

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Alister's picture
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Alister 21 November, 2012 - 15:04

I like this grammar snack. Yesterday I played computer games and ate my dinner, and did my homework. My day was OK , but today I have a litlle problem with my Chemistry.

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Jo - Coordinator's picture
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Jo - Coordinator 12 September, 2012 - 08:16

Hi Silver, This video works OK on my computer, I've just checked. Can you see the other videos in Grammar Snacks? We'll try to help you solve the problem.

Joanna (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

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JoEditor's picture
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JoEditor 11 April, 2013 - 17:26

Hi marila2013,
The video seems to be working fine. Can you give us some more information please? Which browser are you using? Can you watch the videos OK in Video UK and Video zone? 
Let us know and we'll try to help you. Best wishes, Jo (LearnEnglish Teens Team) 

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