Sophie decides to post videos on her world-famous travel blog.  


We use relative clauses to describe or give extra information about something we have already mentioned. We often use relative pronouns (e.g. who, where, that, which, whose) to introduce relative clauses.

What are relative clauses and why do we use them?

A clause is a group of words containing a verb. Relative clauses are a way of giving more information about a person, thing, place, event, etc. We often use them to avoid repeating information.

The Uros people make fires. Their fires are used for cooking. = The Uros people make fires, which they use for cooking.

OK, so there the relative pronoun is 'which' and it refers back to 'the fires' and 'which they use for cooking' is the relative clause.

That’s right, which is used for things (never for people). There are a lot of other relative pronouns: who (for people), that (for a thing or a person), where (for a place), whose (for possession) and when (for a time).

What are defining relative clauses?

They are clauses that you need in the sentence for it to make sense.

The people who live here have had the same kind of lifestyle for hundreds of years.

If I said 'The people have had the same kind of lifestyle for hundreds of years', you wouldn’t know which people I was talking about.

There are no commas before and after the clause.

No, not with defining relative clauses.

The islanders pick the tall reeds that grow at the sides of the lake and use them to make the islands.

OK, so what about non-defining relative clauses?

We use those to give extra information, which isn’t absolutely necessary. We use commas to separate them from the rest of the sentence, unless they come at the end of the sentence, when we use a comma and a full stop.

That grey thing, which you can see on the roof there, isn’t very traditional.
The video’s from yesterday, when she was on the Peruvian side of Lake Titicaca.
This is Sophie, whose blog you’ve been reading.

OK, got it, I think. Is there anything else that I need to know?

Ah, you just used a relative clause with that. We can use that instead of who or which in defining clauses, not non-defining clauses.

So this grammar snack, which has been very interesting, has taught me everything that I need to know about relative clauses.

OK, it’s taught you nearly everything you need to know.


Total votes: 627
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Do people still follow traditions or use old ways of doing things where you live? What do they do?


JoEditor's picture
JoEditor 13 November, 2016 - 07:36

Hi Ramdan,
We don't allow our videos to be downloaded. Sorry about that. You can watch them as much as you like online. 
Best wishes, Jo (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

57 users have voted.
barbars's picture
barbars 13 October, 2015 - 20:46

I have a question, when Sophie says "The amazing thing about these islands is THAT they are man-made", is "that" a relative pronoun? what is it? Thank you for you answer :)

94 users have voted.
JoEditor's picture
JoEditor 14 October, 2015 - 14:54

Hi barbars,
That's a good question! In the example you give, that is being used as a conjunction - it's connecting the two parts of the sentence together. But sometimes that can be a relative pronoun and you can learn more about it in this grammar snack:
I hope this helps. Best wishes, Jo (LearnEnglish Teens Team) 

97 users have voted.
DROPE's picture
DROPE 9 July, 2015 - 03:17

I´m from Ecuador, here! always we celebrate the day of the
"inty raymy" this is about sun, when planted around the year who gives us energy it is the sun.

120 users have voted.
pierina's picture
pierina 8 July, 2015 - 21:23

Hi , here in Ecuador the people do not respect the tradition today. Sometimes, they even forget that in some places life still looks like before ages.

123 users have voted.
cristophersaa's picture
cristophersaa 8 July, 2015 - 17:46

in Ecuador is traditional to drink "chicha", when some traditional groups of the regions "bring the chicha"

113 users have voted.
nandosc9's picture
nandosc9 8 July, 2015 - 04:38

Here, in Ecuador, is very hard that the people accept the changes. Most of they prefer the old ways to do the things; is a archaic thinking to my opinion.
In costums, one that me likes very much is eat the "Colada morada" and the "Guagas de pan" are so tasty! It is celebrated on november 2th, in memory of our deceased.

115 users have voted.
Eseban's picture
Eseban 7 July, 2015 - 21:53

I´m from Ecuador
When Easter arrives , all people cook fanesca that has 12 grains of our country

118 users have voted.
mike95rob's picture
mike95rob 7 July, 2015 - 06:02

i´m fron ecuador in Easter in my country cooking Fanesca is very delicious !!

118 users have voted.
stephania1799's picture
stephania1799 7 July, 2015 - 02:05

ere in Ecuador people celebrate the New Year with costumes and there are some puppets that are burned. Everyone has a tradition for it. There are a kind of people who likes to eat grapes, walk around with the bag, has a yellow underwear. They do all this things to have luck for the next year.

113 users have voted.
fernanda2000's picture
fernanda2000 6 July, 2015 - 05:01

I am from Ecuador
people celebrate the Day of the Dead on November 2 ...
people cook bread and beverage

119 users have voted.
JennySam's picture
JennySam 6 July, 2015 - 00:56

My neighbors and I are always those who clean the streets of the neighborhood and December are the ones who organize the Christmas entertainment for children.

120 users have voted.
JennySam's picture
JennySam 5 July, 2015 - 23:33

Where I live still clean the streets every week and pray the novena every year.

120 users have voted.
Lida's picture
Lida 20 December, 2014 - 07:52

Hello, Im new joint this website I want to improve my skill englis writing please guaid me where I should go and write something and I the best way which I like to help me is that when I write some paragraph I want to show me my grammatical mistakes accidentally please help me .im looking forward to hearing from your sooner .Thanks alot Lida

156 users have voted.
JoEditor's picture
JoEditor 20 December, 2014 - 14:30

Hi Lida,
Welcome to LearnEnglish Teens. I'm sorry but we can't correct all the mistakes in the comments you write. We simply don't have time. Also, it's not necessary. We can understand your comments perfectly and you don't have to write perfect English to communicate. All practice is good practice! 
Best wishes, Jo (LearnEnglish Teens Team) 

200 users have voted.
OskarMilo's picture
OskarMilo 27 October, 2014 - 14:34

Hi there!

I think people do not respect the tradition today. Sometimes, they even forget that in some places life still looks like before ages.

Technology is necessary to live in our world. Kids having own mobile or tablet - it's everyday life. It makes people alienated. Nowadays there is no family celebrations like Christmas Eve dinner. Even watching movies with all family is going into oblivion. It is negative phenomenon in my opinion.

203 users have voted.
nebuch's picture
nebuch 30 September, 2014 - 11:30

Hi and I am from Turkey and I just joined to this website and it looks impressive and fun. But I have a problem. I can't watch any videos . So could you please send me your advices? What can I do?
I also checked my Flash player version which is in my system and it's already a new version by the way.
I cannot figure out what is the problem.

I am waiting your comments

Thank you

165 users have voted.
Tina - Coordinator's picture
Tina - Coordinator 1 October, 2014 - 07:20

Hi nebuch,
Thanks for letting us know. I've just tested it and it's working fine for me. Are you using Chrome, Internet Explorer, Safari or another browser? Try using a different browser and see it that works. Can you see the other videos in Video Zone, Video UK and Film UK, or are they not working either? 
Hope you find a solution, Tina (LearnEnglish Teen Team)

161 users have voted.
MALINE's picture
MALINE 3 September, 2014 - 23:12

Here in México there are a kind of those islands but their names are "chinampas", people from ancient past used to grow plants and vegetables there, it was really wonderful and the interesting thing is that you still can see them at Xochimilco,there you will find lots of chinampas which grows a wide range of different flowers and bushes and some vegetables like lettuce,it is a beautiful place to go on a weekend and enjoy with your family.

172 users have voted.