This, that, these, those

This, that, these, those

Instructions: 

As you watch the video, look at the examples of this, that, these and those. They are in red in the subtitles. Then read the conversation below to learn more. Finally, do the grammar exercises to check you understand, and can use, this, that, these and those correctly.

38

It's a few weeks before Christmas and Sophie is working in India. She's doing her Christmas shopping in a local market.

We use this/that/these/those to explain what we are talking about. We sometimes use them with nouns and we sometimes use them on their own.

We use this (singular) and these (plural) to talk about things close to us, and that (singular) and those (plural) to talk about things at some distance away from us.

What about this shirt for Oliver?
No, hold on, what about that one over there?

So this is the idea of here and that is the idea of there?

Yes, exactly.

Wow, that market looks amazing. (= there. I'm not in the market, it's at some distance away from me)
This market is amazing. (= here. I'm in the market)

What about time? How does time affect this or that?

A good question. We use that to show distance in time as well as distance in space.

This is a good film. (we're watching it now)
That was a good film. (we saw it at some time in the past)

Are this/these and that/those always used with nouns?

No, we can use them as pronouns, without nouns, when it's obvious what they refer to.

What do you think about these for your Uncle Bob? (pointing to trousers)
I've never seen Uncle Bob in trousers like those. (those trousers, but we don't need to repeat trousers)
Who was that?

So they are useful words in shops or cafes. If you don't know the word for something, you can just say, 'Can I see that?' or 'I'd like those, please' and point.

Yes, they're very useful words!

I think I've heard this and that refer to more general things too, not just specific things.

That's right. This and that can refer to what somebody has said or what has happened. This could be several things or ideas.

That's right. (everything you said)
This is work you know! (all the things I'm doing)
That was a great concert! (something that has just happened)

What about phone language? How do people use this and that?

When you explain who is talking you say, 'Hi, this is Dan.'
And to check who is speaking, you can say, 'Is that Jenny?'

Can I say 'This is me'?

No. If you're phoning someone you know very well, you'd say 'It's me.'

What about introducing people to each other? Do I use this or that?

When you're introducing one person to another person, you say,  'Juliette, this is Marc'.

OK, thanks. That's all for now!

 

Total votes: 728

Topics: 

Language level: 

Discussion

Did you enjoy this Grammar Snack? Do you think Oliver will like that shirt? ;)

Comments

NATALYY's picture
659x
56x

I didn't see the video,but I reread this grammar, where can I found more difficult?I just want to learn something new,or revise something other...:-))Thanks in advance

up
5 users have voted.
Jonathan - Coordinator's picture
46581x
515x

Hi Natalyy! Did you know that every page has a language level shown just below the text? The level for this page is A1-A2, so if you want something more difficult, try B1-B2. You can search for those levels on our search page: http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/content And if you don't know what level you are, look at this page: http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/cef-levels

I hope that helps!

Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

up
6 users have voted.
SARAH K's picture
21649x
315x

Yes, I enjoyed it. I have studied this grammar before and it helped me to refresh my knowledge.
I don't think that Oliver will like the shirt, because he has a europian style while that is more a asiatic style.

up
111 users have voted.
Natalija's picture
60420x
804x

I was wondering if anyone knows were can be found some English expressions, more difficult ones, that are used very often. I'm participating at English competition, so I need it for practice. Thanks in advance:).

up
102 users have voted.
zunaira's picture
592x
5x

hi ! yea i enjoyed a lot ,it was wonderful conversation between mom and daughter as well. i guess yes oliver would like that shirt but i think he would like the shirt with flowers because her sister told her mother that his brother do like darker colors mostly.

up
108 users have voted.
Bora F's picture
23616x
233x

yes i enjoyed the grammar snack ..i don't think that oliver will like the shirt becouse it was with flowers and i think that folwers aren't for boys..:)

up
136 users have voted.

Pages