Daisy and her new friend are at the shopping centre and they meet Oliver by chance. 

We use some and any for talking about indefinite numbers or amounts of things. We use them with nouns or on their own, as pronouns.

I know about some and any. You use some in positive sentences and any in questions and negatives, right?

Well, yes, often.

We've got some amazing chocolate cake, and some carrot cake.
Have you got any chocolate cake?
I haven't had any carrot cake for ages.

But we also use any in positive sentences.

Any cake will do. Surprise me.
She can tell you everything about ... well, about anything!

Oh, so what’s the rule?

We use some for talking about a limited number or amount; and we use any for an unlimited number or amount. For example, imagine you are talking about different kinds of cake. All these sentences are possible:

A I like any kind of cake. (= all kinds of cake, unlimited)
B I don't like any kind of cake. (= 0 kinds of cake, unlimited)
C I like some kinds of cake. (= a limited number of kinds of cake)
D I don't like some kinds of cake. (= a limited number of kinds of cake)

OK, I think that’s clear. I like any kind of music. I don’t like some dogs.

Yes, if you like all music and if you also like some dogs.

Yes, I like most dogs, but not dogs that bite, or dogs that are ill.

OK, then.

And what about questions? Can we use both some and any in questions?

Yes, we use both.

Would you like some more coffee?
Would you like any more to eat?

Here the difference is very small. The speaker is thinking of a limited amount in the first question, and an unlimited amount in the second question. In both questions we could use some or any.

Sometimes we use some when we expect the answer to be “yes”. We use any when we don’t know what the answer will be; we are asking whether something exists.

Can I have some sugar? (I know there’s some sugar)
Is there any cake left? (I don’t know whether there’s any cake)
Are you waiting for somebody? (I think you are)
Is anybody coming to meet you? (I don’t know)

Did you say we can use some and any on their own, as pronouns?

Yes, we don’t need to repeat the noun.

Is there any cake?
Yes, do you want some? / Sorry, there isn’t any. / Sorry, there’s none left.

Ah, none. That’s new to me.

Yes, we can use  none  or no + noun instead of not any. 

Have we got any onions?
No, there aren’t any. / There are none left.
We haven’t got any money. = We have no money.

What about somebody, anybody, everybody and nobody? Can you tell me more about how you use those words?

Of course. Somebody/anybody/nobody/everybody are used as singular nouns, even though everybody refers to more than one person and anybody can mean more than one person.

I saw somebody outside the window. (= 1 person)
There’s nobody there. (= 0 person)
Everybody knows that The Beatles were from Liverpool. (= all people)
Has anybody seen my keys? (= 1+ people)

Is somebody the same as someone?

Yes, it’s the same. We also use:

People: someone - anyone - no one - everyone
Things: something - anything - nothing - everything
Places: somewhere - anywhere - nowhere - everywhere

OK, I think that’s everything for today. I’ve got to go somewhere to meet somebody.

You don’t want to ask anything else?

No, thank you!

 

Discussion

What snacks do you and your friends like to have together? What do you have to drink with them?

Topics: 

Comments

Capixt's picture
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Capixt 27 June, 2022 - 17:46

We love any types of chocolate, and usually they drink soda, I don´t like any tipe of soda so I prefer drink some natural juice or whater.

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FlowerQueen's picture
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FlowerQueen 1 July, 2021 - 13:31

Me and my BFF often eat ice cream. Usually we go to "Calabrese/Rocco". We drink water or ice tea.

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Arivelde's picture
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Arivelde 22 March, 2021 - 21:15

My friends and I usualy have sandwitch for snack and with it we like to drink some orange or passion fruit juice.

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Didik's picture
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Didik 11 March, 2021 - 21:20

I like some chips and some cookies for snack. I like drinking soft drinks at snacks with my friends.

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Ashley_122's picture
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Ashley_122 26 February, 2021 - 18:27

Me and my friend like to eat crisps, chocolate, biscuits, candies and gums for snacks. They taste really good! We enjoy to eat them together.

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Giovannichoi's picture
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Giovannichoi 9 June, 2020 - 07:16

I love some tea and scones or bagles. I usually eat those in the morning for breakfast, but sometimes I eat cereal instead. I don't like burgers or pizzas or chickens.

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Sherry4869's picture
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Sherry4869 16 May, 2020 - 16:06

I like to have some cookies, chocolate, cake with my friends. I like to have melon soda, juice together.

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Desy's picture
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Desy 26 March, 2020 - 14:15

My friends and I like eat chips, cakes, chocolate, pizza and sushi. We drink Fanta, Tea, Coca Cola and Water.

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gattifederica's picture
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gattifederica 25 March, 2020 - 14:39

I and my friends like eating some pieces of chocolate cakes or bread and Nutella together. With them, we like drinking coca cola or milk.

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giorgia_marchetti's picture
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giorgia_marchetti 25 March, 2020 - 14:32

Me and my friedns like pizza and whit it we drink coca-cola. It's our favourite snack

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empty's picture
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empty 22 July, 2019 - 14:09

What snacks do you and your friends like to have together? What do you have to drink with them?
It depends on our moods . But I , for one , like chocolate cake . Any drinks will do !

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Youjiro's picture
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Youjiro 1 February, 2019 - 12:17

I eat Chinese food at the dinner and lunch . My mum cook lunch box in every morning for me. That is Chinese food include.I like that.I also love eating snack.I eat chocolate so often .It is include nuts that makes me happy.I don't eat Italian and French food. French restaurants is very expensive for me .

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lifestar230's picture
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lifestar230 27 August, 2018 - 01:13

Hello, I just love the videos of the grammar snacks, it helps me use better words,
I love LearnEnglish teens

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Dreamyoverflow's picture
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Dreamyoverflow 6 August, 2018 - 16:08

I Usually invite some of my friends over to eat Tacos. My friends often drinks coca cola and I prefer Fanta exotic.

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Genius_Girl's picture
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Genius_Girl 29 June, 2018 - 15:08

I like to eat any country foods but the best food that I love is Chinese food like sushi. My mum is also like me, not my dad. I like drinking Fanta, juice and Coca-Cola Zero tins. Sometimes on Friday, as a family, we eat two kinds of pizza or other menus.

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