Daisy, Amy, Oliver and Alfie are planning a weekend at a music festival when Sophie calls from Austria with a great idea. 

We use words called conjunctions, like and, or, but, because and although, to join two parts of sentences. Conjunctions can be used to give more information, give alternatives, give reasons, give results or give unexpected information.

We use and, or and but to connect two parts of sentences which are similar in grammatical status.

Do you want chocolate, strawberry or vanilla? (joining words)
Amy's dad is taking us on Saturday morning, and he's offered to bring us home again on Sunday. (joining clauses)

We use and  for adding information, or for giving alternatives and but for unexpected or different information. 

I'm OK for food, dance  and  music, and I'm having a wonderful time.
There's a reggae band from Jamaica or a Russian electro-pop group on the other stage.
She’d like to go but she can’t.

Can we use these words at the beginning of a sentence?

We don’t usually use conjunctions to start sentences when we’re writing, but people do when they’re speaking.

Or when they’re chatting on the internet?

Yes. There are a lot more conjunctions which we use to connect one clause with another clause. For example: because, for giving reasons, so, for talking about results or purposes, and although, for unexpected or different information. 

I'd like to see that Irish band, because Celtic music is pretty cool.
(the second clause explains the reason Alfie wants to see the Irish band)

Although he doesn’t like camping, he goes to lots of music festivals.
(the speaker thinks it’s unusual to go to music festivals if you don’t like camping)

... we'll be there by 12. Although we have to put up our tents too.
(the information in the second sentence is different to, and contrasts, the information in the first sentence)

It's one of those cars for seven people, so there's plenty of room.
(the second clause shows the result of the first clause)

We need to arrive early so (that) we can get a good place.
(the second clause shows the purpose of the first clause; that is optional)

With that although sentence, can you put the clauses in a different order?

Yes, both orders are possible.

He goes to lots of music festivals, although he doesn’t like camping.

Can you also say “even though he doesn’t like camping”?

Yes, that means the same thing. There are a lot more conjunctions, but that’s enough for today.

But …

No “buts”. It’s better to look at a small amount at a time …

So that I can remember it?



Language level: 


Do you think you would enjoy camping at a music festival? Why? Why not? Tell us what you think!


KirGil's picture
KirGil 12 January, 2018 - 20:34

This is really fine video and with the help of it I have understood how to use conjunctions and, or, but, so, because and although. Thanks to authors!

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Jonathan - Coordinator's picture
Jonathan - Coor... 5 December, 2017 - 05:06

Thanks for your kind comment :) We are glad to hear that and we hope you enjoy the other videos in this section too.

Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

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pparedes984's picture
pparedes984 3 January, 2017 - 02:09

I think that i will enjoy of camping in a musical festival, because i will go if the music likes to me and also I will meet a lot of people on that place so that will be a great experience for me and also I enjoy spend time i something that I like in this case the music

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VShirleyCh's picture
VShirleyCh 29 December, 2016 - 04:39

Really, I would like if is a music festival, because I can listen a lot of new bands and meet new people who have the same tastes than me. The other festival of music that i would like is the Viña del mar in Chile.
Viña del mar is the festival of music that is celebrated every year in Chile is very nice and goes many people from all parts of the world.

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Emmobe's picture
Emmobe 30 September, 2016 - 07:46

I don´t think I would enjoy camping at a music festival. Because it would be very noisy and some people might get drunk. I hate when people drinking and get drunk. So if it was without the alcohol I might like to camp at a music festival.

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Necolas's picture
Necolas 12 September, 2016 - 10:55

I thing I enjoy camping at a music festival ,because it's good experiment and full of fun and excitement ,also I can meet my mates and talk to each others . Moments of happiness go quickly so we can't feel it .All of that is going to be happy anniversary .

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Discoverer's picture
Discoverer 22 June, 2016 - 11:36

I like music festivals especially if it's rock music festival!But I don't like camping because I find it boring.My sister keen on camping and that's why every year we go to the summer camps.

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princess2001's picture
princess2001 12 December, 2015 - 17:12

I don't like to camp at a music festival. We should better do something useful than wasting our precious time in useless entertainment.

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schoolofenglish's picture
schoolofenglish 13 November, 2015 - 18:45

I love going to music festivals because I like rock music and I have fun with my friends. However I don't like camping because I don't sleep very well. Sleeping on the ground is very uncomfortable.

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donya123's picture
donya123 15 October, 2015 - 14:01

Of course I would enjoy to go to a festival. Its a lot of fan to dance are sing while concert.Its also fun to make new friends and spent a whole night at outside.

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DROPE's picture
DROPE 9 July, 2015 - 03:47

definitely I would like going, because it is fun and i love learn about new things and meet new people.

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pierina's picture
pierina 8 July, 2015 - 21:29

yes I do, because I like camping actually I'd like go to a music festival like tomorrowland, unfortunately there are not any festivals in Ecuador .

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nandosc9's picture
nandosc9 8 July, 2015 - 00:38

Really, I would like if is a rock music festival, because I can listen a lot of new rock bands and meet new people who have the same tastes than me. Another music festival to which I would like to go is "Tomorrowland"
Tomorrowland is a electronic music festival that is celebrated in several countries in the world; I like some of the electronic music, but, for what I've seen, the lights, the basses, the performances, and the audiovisual effects are the best.

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mike95rob's picture
mike95rob 7 July, 2015 - 06:52

Yes!! because I love listening to music and I think the festival is so interesting and fun

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stephania1799's picture
stephania1799 7 July, 2015 - 05:27

I'd like to go to a music festival because you meet new people and you enjoy the music, food and share good moments with your friends.

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fernanda2000's picture
fernanda2000 6 July, 2015 - 05:49

yes because de music festivals are very interesting and fun...
I would like camping with friends in an event..

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JennySam's picture
JennySam 6 July, 2015 - 02:21

If I would like camping in a music festival because it's interesting but the cold of the night don't like.

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sashvitha's picture
sashvitha 6 October, 2014 - 05:32

.Yeah i would love to enjoy camping together with music and food from all over the world.Lot of fun,
I love music and I do believe music is a heavenly thing which take me out of this world and give a peaceful mind.

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