Daisy, Amy, Oliver and Alfie are planning a weekend at a music festival when Sophie calls from Austria with a great idea. 

We use words called conjunctions, like and, or, but, because and although, to join two parts of sentences. Conjunctions can be used to give more information, give alternatives, give reasons, give results or give unexpected information.

We use and, or and but to connect two parts of sentences which are similar in grammatical status.

Do you want chocolate, strawberry or vanilla? (joining words)
Amy's dad is taking us on Saturday morning, and he's offered to bring us home again on Sunday. (joining clauses)

We use and  for adding information, or for giving alternatives and but for unexpected or different information. 

I'm OK for food, dance  and  music, and I'm having a wonderful time.
There's a reggae band from Jamaica or a Russian electro-pop group on the other stage.
She’d like to go but she can’t.

Can we use these words at the beginning of a sentence?

We don’t usually use conjunctions to start sentences when we’re writing, but people do when they’re speaking.

Or when they’re chatting on the internet?

Yes. There are a lot more conjunctions which we use to connect one clause with another clause. For example: because, for giving reasons, so, for talking about results or purposes, and although, for unexpected or different information. 

I'd like to see that Irish band, because Celtic music is pretty cool.
(the second clause explains the reason Alfie wants to see the Irish band)

Although he doesn’t like camping, he goes to lots of music festivals.
(the speaker thinks it’s unusual to go to music festivals if you don’t like camping)

... we'll be there by 12. Although we have to put up our tents too.
(the information in the second sentence is different to, and contrasts, the information in the first sentence)

It's one of those cars for seven people, so there's plenty of room.
(the second clause shows the result of the first clause)

We need to arrive early so (that) we can get a good place.
(the second clause shows the purpose of the first clause; that is optional)

With that although sentence, can you put the clauses in a different order?

Yes, both orders are possible.

He goes to lots of music festivals, although he doesn’t like camping.

Can you also say “even though he doesn’t like camping”?

Yes, that means the same thing. There are a lot more conjunctions, but that’s enough for today.

But …

No “buts”. It’s better to look at a small amount at a time …

So that I can remember it?




Do you think you would enjoy camping at a music festival? Why? Why not? Tell us what you think!

Language level: 


Nazrin's picture
Nazrin 2 March, 2014 - 10:08

İ love listening music and i listening taylor swift,rihanna,shakira,one direction,carly rea jepsen and so on...

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Jonathan - Coordinator's picture
Jonathan - Coor... 15 February, 2014 - 01:22

Hi kANGHENG. Just wanted to say thank you for such a nice comment. :) Do you have any favourite pages? What other things would you like to see on LearnEnglish Teens? 
Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

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emmanos's picture
emmanos 14 November, 2013 - 17:54

i think it will be a great opportunity to share what you love with friends and family in outdoors activity . even though if anyone doesn't like camping , but it will be great to try new things in life .

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AnaB's picture
AnaB 9 November, 2013 - 22:13

I would enjoy and I think I'm going to have a lot of fun. But I would like to go with my friends becase we are free, and happier, and IDK with friends I'm feeling more confornble. I would like to go with my family, but my brother doesn't like camping. So I would rather go with my friends.

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Natalija's picture
Natalija 30 October, 2013 - 17:37

I wouldn't enjoy, I'm sure. I'm not the camping type of person, I hate sleeping in the tent, and above all, I'm scared of insects. It may be interesting and different, but I wouldn't dare. In Serbia is organised Exit music festival and many people from all over the world come to Serbia and sleep in a tent for days, but that's something I never could do.

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usama's picture
usama 19 October, 2013 - 00:05

I am very pleased with you wonderful effort for us to bringing a valuable and knowledgeable videos for us. But as in learning process in English i always found hard in grammar. So please can anybody help that how to achieve this .

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Jo - Coordinator's picture
Jo - Coordinator 19 October, 2013 - 09:33

Hi usama!
I'm glad you like the videos :)  Now, about learning grammar, have you seen our tips for Learning new grammar in the Exams section? We also have Grammar videos. Each Grammar video shows you examples of the grammar point in conversation, an explanation of the rules and some practice exercises for you to check your understanding. If you're preparing for an English exam, have a look at Grammar exercise types (then click on the different types of question at the bottom) to help you with common exam-style grammar questions. Phew! Well that should keep you busy! Please let us know how it goes.
Best wishes,

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