Alfie's got a new bike and invites Oliver and Daisy to go out for a ride. Sophie is working in Istanbul.

We use personal pronouns (I, me, he, him, etc.) to replace names or nouns when it is clear what they refer to. We use possessives (my, your, her) when it is not necessary to name the person the thing belongs to.

We use personal pronouns to avoid repeating nouns.

 Mum's calling. She’s  in Turkey.
How’s Daisy? Give her my love.

You used she because it’s the subject and her because it’s the object.

Very good. Here’s the list of all the personal pronouns and possessive adjectives:

Subject pronoun Object pronoun Possessive adjective Possessive pronoun
I me my mine
you you your yours
he him his his
she her her hers
it it its -
we us our ours
they them their theirs

We use pronouns to avoid repetition when it is obvious what we are talking about.

Is this your bike? > No, that one’s mine. (= my bike)
Those red gloves are yours; the blue ones are hers. (= her gloves)

Can I use two pronouns together?

Yes, for example:

The man in the shop gave me them free.

So, what do I need to be careful about?

Well, sometimes we use me when it might seem logical to use I. We also use it sometimes to refer to people.

I love house music > I do too / Me too.
Who’s that? > Me. / It’s me. / It’s Fran.

Sometimes we use they instead of he or she, them instead of him or her and their instead of his or hers.

When you meet your new teacher, they will give you the books. 
If anyone asks where I am, tell them I’m in Istanbul this week.
Someone left their gloves in the classroom.

I thought someone was singular.

Yes, you’re right, but nowadays we avoid using he for people in general, and he or she is very long, so we use they instead, especially when we’re speaking.

Can you also say:

“The English cricket team lost again. They  were rubbish.”? 

Yes. We sometimes use they for single nouns which refer to groups of people.

What about animals?

We usually use it/they  for animals, but  when people are talking about their own pets, they use  he  or she. 

The dog must be thirsty. Give him some water.

Yes, one thinks that animals are just like people, doesn’t one?

Ah, we don’t use one to mean everyone very much. It sounds very old-fashioned and too formal. We use you to mean people in general.

You can see the sea from the top of that mountain.    (you = people in general)

But the Queen uses one?

That's true. But, I haven’t met the Queen and you should use you!



What's the best present you've ever had? What was it and who gave it to you?


Pippatwo's picture
Pippatwo 19 June, 2018 - 15:31

There's so many it could be (because any heartfelt gifts bring me joy), but one of my favorite presents were three of my best friends when I was little; pet rats(not the violent ones) that an old relation gave me, and they have a special place in my heart to this day.

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GiovanaSarai's picture
GiovanaSarai 16 February, 2018 - 18:50

We must to know when we will to use a personal or possessive pronouns with the other part of the sentence.

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pparedes984's picture
pparedes984 3 January, 2017 - 03:18

The best that i received was a chain on Christmas because it means a lot to me beacuse I love to the person that gave it to me. Is a very beautiful chain that I carry with me all the days and I never take away from me beacuse I ove it. The person who gave me this was my girlfriend in this christmas so I enjoy of her present too much

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VShirleyCh's picture
VShirleyCh 2 January, 2017 - 06:11

The best gift I've had is my first pink and purple bike my dad gave me, it's important for me because I love cycling and it's good to know that your family likes it too. The best gift my bicycle was used by my sister Gabriela and now use my sister Valenttina, that is why it is so precious for me, I would not want to get rid of it, another of the gifts I have had and I appreciate it very much, it is my photographic camera that although Already a little old still works and gave me my second mom.

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hgsmf's picture
hgsmf 22 August, 2016 - 01:20

The best present I have ever had was my mobile . My mum gave it to me because of passing my exams.

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pierina's picture
pierina 9 July, 2015 - 00:37

My favorite present tha I have ever recived was a necklace from my boyfriend because it was my first Disney's necklace.It is so amainzing and it has a MiniMouse inside I love it,

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cristophersaa's picture
cristophersaa 8 July, 2015 - 19:52

The best present I have ever recived was a gift from my. she gave me a soccer shoes and a ball.

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nandosc9's picture
nandosc9 8 July, 2015 - 13:20

In my birthday a friend give me a CD with many good songs of one of my favorites bands, Hillsong. That liked me so much.

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stephania1799's picture
stephania1799 8 July, 2015 - 02:35

The best present I have ever recived was a gift from my boyfriend. he brought it on his car and he left it on my bedroom with help of my brother. Her mom help him with the craft and he also put his perfum on the gift. The main part of the gift was a ballon with a bear of my favorite animal. It was so excited to me because it was a surprise and I loved it

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Angielu's picture
Angielu 6 July, 2015 - 19:03

I don't have a specially present but I think that the best present I've ever get from God is my parents, because they are my happiness.

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JennySam's picture
JennySam 6 July, 2015 - 18:51

The best present that I have had are flowers and My boyfriend gave me flowers in my birthday.

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fernanda2000's picture
fernanda2000 6 July, 2015 - 18:03

the best gift was a Teddy bear because I love Teddy animals,
my boyfriend gave me on my birthday :D

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Elsa007's picture
Elsa007 19 April, 2015 - 03:47

It's hard for me to decide the best present I've ever had. Every present which is heartfelt, thoughtful and carefully prepared present gives me pleasure regardless of the price. And admittedly, the present which money can't buy really holds a special place in my heart!

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hadia's picture
hadia 17 April, 2015 - 08:42

I believe that the best present I've ever get from Allah Almighty is my Family! I'm very thankful to Him that He gave me such a beautiful family. I feel like the luckiest person ever! They support me in every step of my life. whenever i think of them it seems that i have been bestowed by Almighty Allah. There presence give me happiness and relaxation. I feel very comfortable with them and I think that this is the most precious gift which has been gifted to me!

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SpencerHastings's picture
SpencerHastings 16 April, 2015 - 08:31

I don't think I have a best present. I have best presents. And I really can't decide which of them is more important for me and which of them I like more. But, to answers at that question, I think it is a parrot that I don't have anymore. My mum gave he (did I use that correctly?) to me and I had such lovely moments with him.

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AnaB's picture
AnaB 11 November, 2013 - 21:26

Everybody around me says me that their parents gived them the best present in the world and usualy that's slothes, rings ... you know (just don't get me everyone, I want to say, people who are around me) ... I think the best present I have ever had, and I still have it, that's mu brother. We have fights, we are sometimes mad, but I know one thing, and he knows it, we are loving each other. And I think our love is the biggest brothers love in the whole world. Sure, my parents, those are the ones who gave it that present to me. I'm so thankful to them.

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silver's picture
silver 17 July, 2013 - 13:46

hi i am from turkey. i want to tell about my bhirtday. my friends came my home. and i was realy suprised. they bought me a bhirtday cake and nice presents. i was so happy. this day is my best bhirtday i have ever seen. because i had a wonderful present, friendship. they are my real friends

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Angelica's picture
Angelica 15 May, 2013 - 19:43

my best present is silver jewerlies from My uncle I love jewerliesss!!!!!!!!!!

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