Alfie's got a new bike and invites Oliver and Daisy to go out for a ride. Sophie is working in Istanbul.

We use personal pronouns (I, me, he, him, etc.) to replace names or nouns when it is clear what they refer to. We use possessives (my, your, her) when it is not necessary to name the person the thing belongs to.

We use personal pronouns to avoid repeating nouns.

 Mum's calling. She’s  in Turkey.
How’s Daisy? Give her my love.

You used she because it’s the subject and her because it’s the object.

Very good. Here’s the list of all the personal pronouns and possessive adjectives:

Subject pronoun Object pronoun Possessive adjective Possessive pronoun
I me my mine
you you your yours
he him his his
she her her hers
it it its -
we us our ours
they them their theirs

We use pronouns to avoid repetition when it is obvious what we are talking about.

Is this your bike? > No, that one’s mine. (= my bike)
Those red gloves are yours; the blue ones are hers. (= her gloves)

Can I use two pronouns together?

Yes, for example:

The man in the shop gave me them free.

So, what do I need to be careful about?

Well, sometimes we use me when it might seem logical to use I. We also use it sometimes to refer to people.

I love house music > I do too / Me too.
Who’s that? > Me. / It’s me. / It’s Fran.

Sometimes we use they instead of he or she, them instead of him or her and their instead of his or hers.

When you meet your new teacher, they will give you the books. 
If anyone asks where I am, tell them I’m in Istanbul this week.
Someone left their gloves in the classroom.

I thought someone was singular.

Yes, you’re right, but nowadays we avoid using he for people in general, and he or she is very long, so we use they instead, especially when we’re speaking.

Can you also say:

“The English cricket team lost again. They  were rubbish.”? 

Yes. We sometimes use they for single nouns which refer to groups of people.

What about animals?

We usually use it/they  for animals, but  when people are talking about their own pets, they use  he  or she. 

The dog must be thirsty. Give him some water.

Yes, one thinks that animals are just like people, doesn’t one?

Ah, we don’t use one to mean everyone very much. It sounds very old-fashioned and too formal. We use you to mean people in general.

You can see the sea from the top of that mountain.    (you = people in general)

But the Queen uses one?

That's true. But, I haven’t met the Queen and you should use you!



What's the best present you've ever had? What was it and who gave it to you?


fatmira n's picture
fatmira n 2 May, 2013 - 15:31

my best present i have ever had is aperla for my 15th birthday from my grandfather.

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Natalija's picture
Natalija 27 April, 2013 - 12:53

The best present I've ever had is the pearl necklace for my 16th birthday. I like pearls so much, and it's the most beautiful pearl necklace I've ever seen. My father gave it to me, and I was so happy to finally have it. I'm wearing it for almost every important occasion and it's my favourite jewelry.

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Natalija's picture
Natalija 26 April, 2013 - 13:16

Hi, begum celebi:)
I like Bosporus and Blue mosque too, I've visited that mosque and saw Bosporus so many times. It's really wonderful and enchanting, and once you came there, you can't resist to come back. You're from Istanbul?

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June's picture
June 17 April, 2013 - 11:22

Many people truly believe in me, and I call that the best present I've ever had. Although they don't give me any expensive presents, I still feel that they are alway by my side, they always encourage me to make my dream come true and help me with many things. In my opinion, the really meaningful presents have to be given from the hearts and I think I've already had it.

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Natalija's picture
Natalija 3 May, 2013 - 19:27

Hi, June,
I like your comment, you're completely right; the best present one can get is the people's trust in him, and if we've gained one's trust, that means we're good persons. You can get the most expensive present on the world, but it's nothing compared to the words of kindness and a real support from friends and family. I think, just like you, that I've already got that biggest present, and I'm so happy of having it. I like my friends and family the best, and I get that kind of present from them every day.

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Natalija's picture
Natalija 26 April, 2013 - 13:13

Hi, Bora:)
How you don't like presents?:) I think it can always cheer us up, and I like both giving and getting presents.

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ozil1111's picture
ozil1111 12 March, 2013 - 15:52

The most precious present I have ever receivered is a pair of socks. My mother gave me it at Christmas about 10 years ago.

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MALINE's picture
MALINE 9 March, 2013 - 21:30

the best present i´ve ever had is my puppy "Fluffy" she always takes care of me,I love her so much!

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ipek c's picture
ipek c 9 March, 2013 - 11:13

Thank you for this subject. Because yesterday we have got exam about this subject. And I get A+!!!!

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JoEditor's picture
JoEditor 9 March, 2013 - 12:47

Hi ipekcaliskan,
Congratulations! Brilliant to hear that LearnEnglish Teens is helping you to get good marks in your exams at school.  :)
Best wishes, Jo (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

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Demy's picture
Demy 7 March, 2013 - 15:21

Hi everybody!!! My the best present has been brought by my daddy) It is was one small and very beautiful kitten!!!) Now it is already big and fat cat))))

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Student11's picture
Student11 12 May, 2013 - 22:00

So funny, Demy. In my country all people think there about the pets. They say "animals so cute when they are babies, but they grow up and change". I judge that old animals are more wonderful than babies pets. Oh, is my opinion.

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