Daisy is chatting to her brother Oliver, and his best mate Alfie, about her new boyfriend. Daisy and Oliver’s mum is working in Thailand this week.

We use the present simple to talk about repeated actions or events, permanent states or things which are always true. To find out more about the present simple, read and listen to the conversation below.

Can you give me some examples?

Yes, of course. We use the present simple to talk about things which are repeated every day, every week, every year, etc.

I usually get up at 7 o'clock.
During the week I have swimming practice on Mondays, I do taekwondo on Tuesdays and tennis on Thursdays.
We always go on holiday in the summer.

I see. And you use words for explaining more about the time too.

Yes, we often use adverbs of frequency sometimes, often, usually or other time expressions like on Mondays, twice a week or in the summer.

What about permanent states? What does that mean?

Permanent states are situations or feelings which are not temporary.

I like him a lot.
Sophie works as a travel writer.
They live in London.

We also use the present simple for general facts, for example when talking about science or geography.

Thailand is really hot at this time of year.
Snakes live on the ground, in trees and in water.

So what do I need to know about forming the present simple?

The main thing is that the third person singular forms end in -s or -es. That's for he, she or it.

He watches black and white films at his cinema club on Wednesdays.
He thinks chess is a sport!

OK, and the other forms don't end in -s  or -es?  I watch TV a lot. We think Coldplay are boring.

Correct!

What about questions and negatives?

For most verbs we use the present simple of the verb do/does + subject + infinitive without to to form questions.

Do you see him on Wednesdays then?
Does Jack like sports?

For negatives we use the subject + do/does + not + infinitive without to.

Daisy and Jack don't go out together much at the weekend.
I don't think Coldplay are boring.

To go back to the idea of permanent and temporary things, what about this sentence: Is your mum in Thailand this week? Isn't that temporary?

Yes, it is. That's a very good point. Normally we use the present simple for permanent states, and the present continuous for temporary states, but some verbs are thought of as State Verbs and they are not usually used in the continuous form.

And the verb to be is one of those verbs?

Exactly! So even though staying in Thailand is temporary, we use the present simple with the verb to be. Here's another example:

How's Daisy? Is she with you?   

But that isn't the question form you just told me about! Where's the do?

Ah, no. I said 'for most verbs we use do in questions'. The verb to be is different and so are modal verbs like can. We'll look at the verb to be separately because it's different and very common.

What are the other state verbs?

We'll look at those when we look at the Present Continuous. Any more questions?

Yes, what about: The train leaves at 5 in the morning? Isn't that talking about an event in the future?

Yes, it is, but it's also a repeated event. This is sometimes called the 'timetable future'.

OK, I have a maths class in a minute, so I have to go.

Good use of the 'timetable future'! Bye!

 

Language level: 

Discussion

Tell us about your typical day. Remember to use the present simple!

Comments

derechouni's picture
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derechouni 26 May, 2020 - 05:44

He woke me up at 7 in the morning, I took a bath, I put on my makeup, I comb, then I make my bed, I sweep the patio, I take out garbage, I start cooking at 10:00 for breakfast and lunch to sit with my family and thus begin with my work and school activities.

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TR790's picture
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TR790 22 May, 2020 - 15:10

During this Corona virus period, I get up at 10 a.m. and do some exercise. Then I attend online classes with our teachers and chat online with my friends. After that I watch some TV and have iftar with my family as we all know that it is the month of Ramadan. After iftar, I study and complete my homework. At 9 p.m. we have dinner and go to bed.

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BttChiara's picture
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BttChiara 19 May, 2020 - 18:07

On Sunday I get up at 8 o'clock and I have breakfast at half past eight. I do all my homework from 9 o'clock to 12 o'clock. At half past one I have lunch with my family. In the afternoon I usually read a book or watch a film. At 8 o'clock p.m. I have dinner with my family and I, finally, go to the bed at half past nine.

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jeanpierre's picture
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jeanpierre 11 May, 2020 - 14:16

I wake up at 8:00am and start working at 9:00am. I have a break at 10:00 to 10:30am then I continue until it's 12:00am. Than I eat and I have to stay outside for the rest of the day. I eat, than I have my phone to play 7:00pm to 8:00pm and I can watch a movie until 9:00pm, than I shower and I go to bed

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igadepasou's picture
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igadepasou 6 May, 2020 - 08:18

my dialogue :
Busy Arthur
Arthur is chatting to his cousin Sacha and his best mate, Rubens about his new girlfriend.

Rubens : So, how's it going with Julia ?
Arthur : Not great, I like her a lot, but she's impossible !
During the week I have rugby practice on Mondays and Thursdays, and drum lessons on Wednesdays. I usually have a rugby match on Saturdays.
Sacha: Do you see her on Sundays then ?
Arthur : No, she goes to make-up lessons on Sundays.
Sacha : When do you go out together?
Arthur : that's just it, It's tricky.
Rubens : Does she like sports ?
Arthur : Not really, she thinks shopping is a sport ! Well, she watches cricket on the telly sometimes, but she doesn't play any sports.
Sacha : I think you're right. She's impossible !
Arthur : Right, I'l m late for rugby practice. See you later !
Sacha and Rubens : See you, Arthur

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japa's picture
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japa 22 April, 2020 - 16:27

During the quarantine. my typical day is this: I don't have time to wake up. I don't have breakfast. But in 12 o'clock i eat lunch. I spend the afternoon playing in my mobile and in the laptop. In the night, I do my themes, I have dinner at 10,00 p.m I go sleep at 2a.m.

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Founnerzin's picture
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Founnerzin 18 April, 2020 - 04:50

During this period of the pandemic, my typical day is: I wake up at 7:30 am, have breakfast, brush my teeth, take video lessons, then I train, shower, lunch, brush my teeth, take video lessons, play video games, have dinner , study, brush your teeth and then sleep

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sofka's picture
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sofka 11 April, 2020 - 21:27

my usual day is not remarkable when I wake up, I sit down at the computer and spend most of the time for us, then I eat and again sit down at the computer and so my days go by and sometimes I watch anime

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MatildePace's picture
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MatildePace 26 March, 2020 - 15:10

I get up at 8, I have breakfast and then I have a video lesson with the professor and my classmates. After I have lunch, I do my homework and later I call my friends. Around 8 I have dinners, I watch TV and Ffnally I go to sleep.

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Desy's picture
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Desy 26 March, 2020 - 13:33

On my typical day in this period I get up at about 8.30 am, I have breakfast with my brother, wash my face and brush my teeth, then I do my homework or lessons online. At about 1:00 pm I have lunch and after I continue to do my homework or play with my brother. Finally at 8 I have dinner with my family and about 23 I go to sleep.

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gattifederica's picture
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gattifederica 25 March, 2020 - 11:08

During the Corona virus period, my typical day is this: I get up 7 o’clock. I get dressed and I have breakfast. Then I participate to video calls with my teachers and my classmates. I have lunch, after I go online and I chat with my friends. I do my homework, I listen to music and I have dinner with my parents. Then I watch TV series and finally I go to bed at midnight.

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Ely's picture
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Ely 24 March, 2020 - 10:06

my tipical day
i get up at 9 o' clock,i have breakfast and i do my homework.
at 12:30 i have lunch with my family.
in the afternoon i go to the park with my friends
at8o'clock i have dinner ,
i watch TV and at 10:30 i go to the bed

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giorgia_marchetti's picture
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giorgia_marchetti 25 March, 2020 - 14:23

I get up at 10.00 o'clock and i have breakfast whit my family,after i wash my face ,i brush my theeth and my hair and i wear clen clothes. I do my homework and at 14.00 i have lunch with my family. In the afternoon i do some sport, when i finish it I have a shower and in the evening after dinner i meet my friends. At 00.00 i come back at home, I wash my face and my theeth and i go to bed

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KemoF's picture
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KemoF 16 March, 2019 - 02:35

I sometimes confuse with present simple and continuing aspect.
For example, I'm not sure if this sentence is right.
"My friedns often gently blame me for my oblivescence since back in the day".
Can anyone help me?

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editor_rachael's picture
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editor_rachael 16 March, 2019 - 14:56

Hi KemoF,

 

I think the verb form is correct there - blame is in present simple because it's often, i.e. a repeated action. 

 

Well done!

 

Rachael
LearnEnglish Teens team

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Youjiro's picture
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Youjiro 31 January, 2019 - 14:04

I get up early morning to preparing to class.I cook hotcake by myself in the kitchen .I stir egg and powder in a bowl ,after that I pour it on the flying pan.I bake it 3 minute on the pan .I eat it with honey and one cup of coffee.After I wear clothes in my room.I go to bus stop at 7 am.I read a book on the public bus.I study lot of things in a class.After school I come back home as soon as possible to do homework.At 6 pm I take a bath and take a shower.
I eat dinner alone at 7 pm .I watch a TV or listing a podcast.I go to bed at 10 pm. I sleep on a bed 10:30 pm.I enjoy a dream alone.

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lalanieves30's picture
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lalanieves30 26 January, 2018 - 02:19

I generally get up in 8:00 morning, then I bush my teeth, take a shower, have a breakfast. I go to the work, my work stars 12:30 and ends 4:30. I drive to go home, I watch tv, I cook, I plan my class, listen to music, I go to bed and I sleep.

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Jonathan - Coordinator's picture
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Jonathan - Coor... 26 January, 2018 - 11:10

Thanks for your comments. This website is specially for teenagers aged 13-17 years old. You are welcome to keep on using LearnEnglish Teens but if you are over 17, please do NOT post any more comments as we must keep this strictly for teenagers to interact with each other. You are welcome to join our LearnEnglish page for adults and post comments there: www.britishcouncil.org/learnenglish

Best wishes,

Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

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Nerio024's picture
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Nerio024 25 January, 2018 - 18:25

Hello :-)! I'm a bit confused with one sentence. Can you please help me understand why in this sentence stands TOLD OFF (why it's in the past)?
Nick always gets TOLD OFF for talking in class.

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Jonathan - Coordinator's picture
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Jonathan - Coor... 26 January, 2018 - 05:59

Hi Nerio024. Good question! For the answer, look at the whole verb phrase: 'gets told off'. It's actually a passive structure (get + past participle), and 'told off' is the past participle of 'tell off'. The sentence is about the present (because 'gets' is in the present tense). 

For more about the passive using 'get', have a look at https://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/grammar-vocabulary/grammar-videos/passive-forms :)

Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

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catastrophe's picture
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catastrophe 4 July, 2017 - 16:02

Typical? Well, life is unplanned for me. Okay, I get up and go to school, and you should expect the unexpected. You don't know what's gonna happen in school, and it's just so cool!!! One day you find yourself conducting experiments, on the other you're preparing for a speech, and on another you're having a fight. And I come back from school, and start studying after a long nap. And after studying, I look out for the remote, draw, write, and do whatever I "can" until dinner. As for weekends, they're exciting. I meet my cousins, and everytime I do, it's something interesting! Or else just pass time in home, and trying to tease my father. ✌
I really enjoy life and childhood. It's just so unexpected, and unexpected is unexpectedly great!!! :))))

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MyStudyCoachJonas's picture
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MyStudyCoachJonas 12 April, 2017 - 23:13

I usually get up at 6:30 am to go to my school. First I have breakfast, then I go to the school.

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