Daisy is chatting to her brother Oliver, and his best mate Alfie, about her new boyfriend. Daisy and Oliver’s mum is working in Thailand this week.


We use the present simple to talk about repeated actions or events, permanent states or things which are always true. To find out more about the present simple, read and listen to the conversation below.

Can you give me some examples?

Yes, of course. We use the present simple to talk about things which are repeated every day, every week, every year, etc.

I usually get up at 7 o'clock.
During the week I have swimming practice on Mondays, I do taekwondo on Tuesdays and tennis on Thursdays.
We always go on holiday in the summer.

I see. And you use words for explaining more about the time too.

Yes, we often use adverbs of frequency sometimes, often, usually or other time expressions like on Mondays, twice a week or in the summer.

What about permanent states? What does that mean?

Permanent states are situations or feelings which are not temporary.

I like him a lot.
Sophie works as a travel writer.
They live in London.

We also use the present simple for general facts, for example when talking about science or geography.

Thailand is really hot at this time of year.
Snakes live on the ground, in trees and in water.

So what do I need to know about forming the present simple?

The main thing is that the third person singular forms end in -s or -es. That's for he, she or it.

He watches black and white films at his cinema club on Wednesdays.
He thinks chess is a sport!

OK, and the other forms don't end in -s  or -es?  I watch TV a lot. We think Coldplay are boring.


What about questions and negatives?

For most verbs we use the present simple of the verb do/does + subject + infinitive without to to form questions.

Do you see him on Wednesdays then?
Does Jack like sports?

For negatives we use the subject + do/does + not + infinitive without to.

Daisy and Jack don't go out together much at the weekend.
I don't think Coldplay are boring.

To go back to the idea of permanent and temporary things, what about this sentence: Is your mum in Thailand this week? Isn't that temporary?

Yes, it is. That's a very good point. Normally we use the present simple for permanent states, and the present continuous for temporary states, but some verbs are thought of as State Verbs and they are not usually used in the continuous form.

And the verb to be is one of those verbs?

Exactly! So even though staying in Thailand is temporary, we use the present simple with the verb to be. Here's another example:

How's Daisy? Is she with you?   

But that isn't the question form you just told me about! Where's the do?

Ah, no. I said 'for most verbs we use do in questions'. The verb to be is different and so are modal verbs like can. We'll look at the verb to be separately because it's different and very common.

What are the other state verbs?

We'll look at those when we look at the Present Continuous. Any more questions?

Yes, what about: The train leaves at 5 in the morning? Isn't that talking about an event in the future?

Yes, it is, but it's also a repeated event. This is sometimes called the 'timetable future'.

OK, I have a maths class in a minute, so I have to go.

Good use of the 'timetable future'! Bye!


Total votes: 697
Language level: 


Tell us about your typical day. Remember to use the present simple!


Youjiro's picture
Youjiro 31 January, 2019 - 14:04

I get up early morning to preparing to class.I cook hotcake by myself in the kitchen .I stir egg and powder in a bowl ,after that I pour it on the flying pan.I bake it 3 minute on the pan .I eat it with honey and one cup of coffee.After I wear clothes in my room.I go to bus stop at 7 am.I read a book on the public bus.I study lot of things in a class.After school I come back home as soon as possible to do homework.At 6 pm I take a bath and take a shower.
I eat dinner alone at 7 pm .I watch a TV or listing a podcast.I go to bed at 10 pm. I sleep on a bed 10:30 pm.I enjoy a dream alone.

0 users have voted.
lalanieves30's picture
lalanieves30 26 January, 2018 - 02:19

I generally get up in 8:00 morning, then I bush my teeth, take a shower, have a breakfast. I go to the work, my work stars 12:30 and ends 4:30. I drive to go home, I watch tv, I cook, I plan my class, listen to music, I go to bed and I sleep.

0 users have voted.
Jonathan - Coordinator's picture
Jonathan - Coor... 26 January, 2018 - 11:10

Thanks for your comments. This website is specially for teenagers aged 13-17 years old. You are welcome to keep on using LearnEnglish Teens but if you are over 17, please do NOT post any more comments as we must keep this strictly for teenagers to interact with each other. You are welcome to join our LearnEnglish page for adults and post comments there: www.britishcouncil.org/learnenglish

Best wishes,

Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

0 users have voted.
Nerio024's picture
Nerio024 25 January, 2018 - 18:25

Hello :-)! I'm a bit confused with one sentence. Can you please help me understand why in this sentence stands TOLD OFF (why it's in the past)?
Nick always gets TOLD OFF for talking in class.

1 user has voted.
Jonathan - Coordinator's picture
Jonathan - Coor... 26 January, 2018 - 05:59

Hi Nerio024. Good question! For the answer, look at the whole verb phrase: 'gets told off'. It's actually a passive structure (get + past participle), and 'told off' is the past participle of 'tell off'. The sentence is about the present (because 'gets' is in the present tense). 

For more about the passive using 'get', have a look at https://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/grammar-vocabulary/grammar-videos/passive-forms :)

Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

1 user has voted.
catastrophe's picture
catastrophe 4 July, 2017 - 16:02

Typical? Well, life is unplanned for me. Okay, I get up and go to school, and you should expect the unexpected. You don't know what's gonna happen in school, and it's just so cool!!! One day you find yourself conducting experiments, on the other you're preparing for a speech, and on another you're having a fight. And I come back from school, and start studying after a long nap. And after studying, I look out for the remote, draw, write, and do whatever I "can" until dinner. As for weekends, they're exciting. I meet my cousins, and everytime I do, it's something interesting! Or else just pass time in home, and trying to tease my father. ✌
I really enjoy life and childhood. It's just so unexpected, and unexpected is unexpectedly great!!! :))))

45 users have voted.
MyStudyCoachJonas's picture
MyStudyCoachJonas 12 April, 2017 - 23:13

I usually get up at 6:30 am to go to my school. First I have breakfast, then I go to the school.

67 users have voted.
shamim's picture
shamim 27 December, 2016 - 18:42

The simple present tense is used for future activities? If yes, Could you please describe "when and how"?

99 users have voted.
Jonathan - Coordinator's picture
Jonathan - Coor... 27 December, 2016 - 21:25

Hi shamim. That’s right. The present simple is often used for future events which are part of a timetable or a schedule, for example a bus, plane or train and what time it leaves or arrives, what time a shop opens or closes, or when and where an event such as a party will take place.

  • A: What time does this shop close tonight? B: At 8 pm.
  • We’re taking a break now, but class starts again at 3:30.
  • Our train leaves London at 1 pm and gets to Manchester around 3 pm.
  • Hurry up! The film starts at 6:30!
  • My birthday party is next Friday at 8 pm. Please come!

You can consider some of these (such as the first example) as repeated events, so using the present simple for them makes sense. However, notice that even single future events can take the present simple (such as the last example) – as long as they are understood as scheduled. That’s why in the Grammar snack above, this use is referred to as the ‘timetable future’.

Does that help to understand it?

Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

88 users have voted.
EriD's picture
EriD 8 November, 2016 - 00:17

Hello. I usually get up at 7:00. After I take a shower and I have a breakfast. And then I leave my house and take the bus to the school. The school start 9:00. After school I go to the library and I study english.
After I go back home and eat dinner. I have a free time then I watch movie and relax with my family. I go to bed at 12:00.

106 users have voted.
MerveSengun's picture
MerveSengun 17 October, 2016 - 20:18

I get up 5.30 o'clock weekdays. I wash face and brush my teeth. I don't have breakfast because I don't like breakfast. I wear dress and I leave home 6.15 o'clock. ı come to school. I buy tea and biscuit and I start lesson 8.40 o'clock. I finish lesson 12.30 o'clock. After I go to bus station with Ebrar Sena. I talk bus with Sena. I get off the bus and I walk my home. I go to bed but I don't sleep. I study lesson. After I cook everydays.Because my mother and my father go to work.They came back home at 8.00 pm or 9.00 pm. I have dinner with my family. ı read a book because I love it. Finally I go to bed 12.00 o'clock.

102 users have voted.
Aslihangizem's picture
Aslihangizem 17 October, 2016 - 17:02

I get up at 6,00 o'clock in weekdays. I never have a breakfast in weekdays. Because so early :D I go to the university with tram and metrobus. Lesson starts at 8,40 o'clock. Lesson finishes at 12,30 o'clock. I usually go to home at 2 o'clock. I some watch TV and listen to music. I study English everyday. I have dinner at 9,00 p.m. I go to bed at midnight or 01,00 o'clock.

94 users have voted.
Sevdaa's picture
Sevdaa 17 October, 2016 - 14:01

I get up 7 o'clock. I have breakfast. I dressed. I leave home 8 o'clock. I go to school. I leave the schoolat 12:30. I have a lunch. I go to home. I study and do homework. I sleep at 11 o'clock.

99 users have voted.
Ambrouille's picture
Ambrouille 15 October, 2016 - 17:02

Hi there!
So i usually wake up at 8.30 in the morning. After open my eyes, i stand up and go to take m'y breakfast. Then i take a shower an brush 'y teeth at the same time. It's now the time to dress up and put some makeup on my face. Finally i take my bag and go to the subway with some music.

94 users have voted.
Yazchilal's picture
Yazchilal 15 October, 2016 - 10:53

My Daily Routines;I get up at 7:00 in the morning.I get dressed.Then I have breakfast with my family.For I brush my theeth.I leave the house at about 8.The school starts at 8:40.I leave the school at 12:30.For I have my lunch.I take a rest for an hour.I finish my homeworks.After I eat dinner.I read a book for one hour.I go to bed at 23:00.

91 users have voted.
SenaGenc's picture
SenaGenc 13 October, 2016 - 18:11

My Daily Routines ; I get up 06.00 o'clock five days a week. I don't have breakfast so I usually hate have breakfast. Only I like drinking tea in the morning. I leave home 06.40 o'clock and 06.45 o'clock get on the bus. I get off the bus 08.00 o'clock and walk to school with my friend Merve. We start lesson 08.40 o'clock. I usually sit at the 2th desk. We finish lesson 12.30 o'clock. I usually tired after lesson. I often go home at once. I go to bed but don't sleep. After I have dinner with family. Finally I study, do homework and after sleep at p.m. 11.00 o'clock.

97 users have voted.
Serenus's picture
Serenus 15 October, 2016 - 16:20

Hi guys
I get up 05.50 o'clock every day. I wash my hands and face. I usually have breakfast because i love breakfast. I brush my teeth and i leave home 06.50 o'clock. I run to the bus every day. After i ride metrobus and after i ride tram. I walk to school 5-10 minutes. Start lesson and i listen my teahcer. İ leave school 12.00-1 o'clock. I return home. I repeat lesson. I have dinner with my family and i drink afternoon tea. I go to bed 11.00-12.00 p.m. o'clock

84 users have voted.
IreneTepoz's picture
IreneTepoz 10 August, 2016 - 04:29

I generally wake up at 8:00 a.m, I get up and I have a shower, and I breakfast with my family. I maybe do my homework or I see Netflix, later I go to the school and when it finish, I come back to my house.

122 users have voted.
shamim's picture
shamim 2 August, 2016 - 18:49

I every day get up at 8 a.m and on the weekend I get to sleep until lunchtime, I every night go to bed at 1a.m.
I go to school at 9 a.m and come back at 2p.m...I tack a shower to eat something and then I do my homework. I eat lunch with my friends at school and eat dinner with my family, after dinner we watch TV and talk together.

103 users have voted.
lekimkhanh0109's picture
lekimkhanh0109 22 July, 2016 - 02:55

Hi everyone, I'm a beginer so I need helps from you. I watched this video but I don't understand the mean of a sentence. That's : " Wow, that beats going to college." Can u help me explain it? Thank you so much!!!

109 users have voted.
Tina - Coordinator's picture
Tina - Coordinator 22 July, 2016 - 17:46

Hi lekimkhanh0109!
This sentence means that that trekking in Chiang Mai is better or more enjoyable than going to college.
Best wishes, Tina (LearnEnglish Teen Team)

112 users have voted.
rose_protected's picture
rose_protected 22 May, 2016 - 16:51

I usually wake up at 7 o'clock, wash my face and take the breakfast. After this, I brush my teeth; I lunch around midday and after brush my teeth again. I have an afternoon snack at 4, 5 p.m. (except on Thursdays), try dinner before 8, around 6 or 7 p.m. and go to the bed at 11 p.m.

105 users have voted.
grace14's picture
grace14 19 May, 2016 - 15:19

I always get up at five thirty. Then I breakfast and go to school. I come home at four thirty in the afternoon.I have dinner at seven thirty. I often go to bed at nine thirty.

106 users have voted.