Christmas

Christmas

Instructions: 

Read about Christmas in the UK  then do the exercises to check your understanding.

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Christmas in the UK is the biggest holiday of the year. Family gatherings, turkey, presents and parties are just some of the things that come to mind when we think about Christmas time.

Christmas can mean different things to different people. For many people it means eating a lot and spending time with family and visiting relatives and friends. For children it often means presents, presents and more presents!

The origins of Christmas

In ancient times people had mid-winter festivals when the days were short and the nights were very long. They believed that their ceremonies would help the sun’s power return. The Romans decorated their homes with green plants in December to remind Saturn, their harvest god, to return the following spring. In CE440 the Christian church decided that the birth of Christ should be celebrated every year on December 25th. Some of these ancient customs were adopted by early Christians as part of their celebrations of the birthday of Jesus Christ. Green plants are still used to decorate many British homes in December. At Christmas we cover trees (real ones or reusable synthetic trees) with shiny balls and flashing lights!

Cards and presents

It’s very common to send Christmas cards to friends, family, colleagues, classmates and neighbours in the weeks leading up to December 25th. Christmas is traditionally a time for helping other people and giving money to charities. Many people send charity cards; where a percentage of the cost of each card goes to charity. People send fewer cards than in the past as they now send Christmas greetings by email or via Facebook. Christmas presents are reserved for close friends and family. Traditionally the giving of a gift is symbolic of the Three Wise Men giving their gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh to the baby Jesus. Popular presents for young people in the UK in recent years include a Smart phone, a Playstation Move and 80s retro fashion.

Father Christmas (aka Santa Claus)

Every year small children tell Father Christmas (also known as Santa Claus) exactly what presents they would like to receive. They can write him a letter with a list of requests or they can visit him personally in one of the large department stores across Britain in the weeks before Christmas. On the night of December 24th Father Christmas travels through the sky on a sleigh pulled by magic reindeers and delivers presents to children across Britain. How does he enter the children’s houses? Via the chimney, of course!

The Christmas number one

Every year, for a few weeks around Christmas time, the UK music charts go mad. Groups and singers who normally make cool music create a song that they hope will be number one on Christmas Day. The Christmas number one single is written about in newspapers, talked about on the radio and people can even bet money in betting shops to see which song will win the race. In the last ten years, the Christmas number one has been dominated by singers who have won reality television competitions. Recently the band ‘Rage Against the Machine’ started a Facebook campaign to be the first group with a Christmas number 1 with a download-only song. They won their anti-corporate campaign with the song ‘Killing in the name’.

Snow

Snow at Christmas is part of British culture. You often see it on Christmas cards, you can buy fake snow to decorate your house and there are even songs about snow at Christmas. There was lots of snow last winter in the UK so many people enjoyed a white Christmas. People can bet on whether it will snow or not on December 25th at betting shops around the country.

Turkey and crackers

Christmas dinner is usually eaten at midday or early afternoon. It traditionally includes roast turkey, vegetables and potatoes. There are also lots of alternatives to the turkey dinner for vegetarians who prefer a meat-free Christmas. Dessert is a rich, fruity cake called Christmas pudding. Traditionally a Christmas cracker is placed next to each person. When you pull the cracker with the person next to you, you hear a loud ‘bang!’ and a paper hat, a joke and a small gift fall from the cracker. You have to wear the hat, tell the joke to the other people at the table and keep the gift.

Christmas means ...

Does everyone like Christmas? These comments from young Brits reflect some of the wide range of opinions about Christmas in the UK:

Christmas to me means catching up with your family and having a laugh. Last of all opening your presents.
- Yasmeen, 20, Liverpool

It’s too commercial. There are too many adverts trying to get everyone to spend their money.
- Ruby, 15, London

Bringing all your family together, having a laugh, giving presents and eating loads of delicious foods. YUM! YUM!
- James, 13, Crediton

The shops start selling Christmas cards in September! That’s 3 months before Christmas. Ridiculous!
- Tony, 18, Bakewell

I work for a charity that gives food to homeless people every Christmas. These people have no home or family so we try to make December 25th a happy day for them.
- Claire, 22, Derby

I think Xmas is as much about giving as it is getting. I also think it's a time for the whole family to get together and enjoy being with each other.
- Charlie, 15, Canterbury

I think that Christmas is a religious time, not just for Christians but for Jews and Muslims too. I celebrate the season the Christian way.
- Alisha, 16, Manchester

Total votes: 488
Discussion

Do you celebrate Christmas? If so, what do you like best about it? If not, tell us about your favourite holiday of the year.

Comments

at35z's picture
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I really like Christmas, but to be honest, it's getting worse all the time. I think it's all about the presents and chaos in the shops, what's not so good in my opinion. It should be about love and the family, not about this "gift" things.

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27 users have voted.
Sportycoffeeforever's picture
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Christmas is coming and it's a great holiday! Merry ChriIstmas to you, Jo Editor!!!!! Could you tell me if New Year in the UK is as widely celebrated as Christmas? As far as I know it isn't . And the British people go to bed at their usual time instead of excitedly celebrate it at 12 at p.m. on the 31 of December.
Probably, it's as true as white bears in Moscow sreets?

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30 users have voted.
butterfly1999's picture
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What I like best about Christmas is that you get lots of presents and you spend the whole day with all your family and friends. Christmas can mean different things to different people, for many people it means eating a lot and spending time with family and visiting relatives and friends. For children it often means presents, presents and more presents!

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31 users have voted.
sailor moon's picture
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in Italy we celebrate christmas on 25th december. it is a happy day. for me christmas means everything about how to have a nice day with my family. often i make parties with my friends. i have so much fun.

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40 users have voted.
ellen's picture
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In AZERBAIJAN we celebrate Christmas on the 31 of January.
Christmas can mean different things to different people. For many people it means eating a lot and spending time with family and visiting relatives and friends. For children it often means presents, presents and more presents!
Christmas is great holiday.
My favorite holidays are NOVRUZ and SACRIFICE HOLIDAYS.
EACH aid to those two muslim holiday.

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32 users have voted.
Bosnianchild's picture
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No, I don't celebrate Christmas. In Bosnia and Herzegovina there are Christians and they celebrate it.
Christmas is great holiday. I love Christmas films and in the town there is special spirit.
My favorite holiday is ''Bajram''. This special holiday for us, Muslims. There are two ''Bajram''. One is after Ramadan and the second is 22 days after that.

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36 users have voted.
Hanna's picture
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In Ukraine we celebrate Christmas on the 7 of January, because bigger part of people are Orthodox Christians. We have bigger celebration for New Year cause It's earlier than Christmas and children get more presents at New Year Eve) I like celebrate Christmas and I always cook alot of tasty dishes and buy presents for my relatives)

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35 users have voted.
Niluh's picture
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No, i don't celebrate Christmas. December is my favourite time, i get school off, have long vacation and it's rainy here in Indonesia so i won't get hot spending time all day in my lovely room (cause it's very hot in the summer).

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35 users have voted.
Pitaloka's picture
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Yes I celebrate christmas! I always waiting this day every year!
There's no differences from celebrate christmas in UK and my place. It's just we don't eat turkey.

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54 users have voted.
Toma English's picture
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In Egypt , we don't celebrate Christmas widely ,, It's only for Christians ,, some Muslims celebrate it with Christians but it's not of our religion at all ,, so I don't celebrate it , I only celebrate my religion's feasts ,, but I can celebrate the new year! :D

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57 users have voted.
shwii's picture
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In my country Egypt, we don't often celebrate Christmas but I like it very much.And it's really very fantastic when there is snow.I wish i could travel to anther country which celebrates the Christmas,and see there customs in this celebration.

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94 users have voted.
jenniferkim's picture
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In my country, South Korea we celebrate Christmas.
I think the best part of Christmas is in the morning or Christmas so exicted to open the Christmas present. but sometimes I really get disapointed because I didn't have the present I want.
The next thing I like about Christmas is delicious food. Espcially lots or meats!!!!

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101 users have voted.
etleva hoxha's picture
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In my contry we celebrate Christmas but we celebrate more New Jear .I love New Jear and i love to when snow ..It makes magical when all me family together ,having a laugh, giving presents and eating loads of delicious foods.I just LOVE it .. :))
From Albania

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135 users have voted.
rando's picture
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I don't celebrate Christmas in my country,but i liked it a lot,i loved the Christmas carols,and the celebrations,it's just fantastic.It would be just perfect if there's snow fall in my country,so that i could experience the feeling of Christmas.

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148 users have voted.
Jo - Coordinator's picture
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Hi rando! Thanks for your comment. Where are you from? Does it often snow where you live? I love the snow as well, especially as Christmas of course, when you don't have to go anywhere! It makes everything look magical.

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137 users have voted.