Humanity needs water, and every drop is precious. On March 22nd, World Water Day is a day to celebrate water and make a difference for people who do not have the water they need.

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We all need water

Did you know that in the UK every person uses about 150 litres of water every day and most of the water we use is to flush the toilet? Let’s take a minute to think about the water we use. The human body is 60% water and we need to drink lots of water to be healthy. When we are thirsty we just go to the kitchen and fill a glass with clean water. We also need water for cooking. Imagine trying to cook pasta or rice without water! We have toilets in our houses and when we want to brush our teeth or have a shower, we use the bathroom. We use water indirectly too. Farmers, who produce the food we eat, use water to make the plants grow. When we turn on a light or switch on a TV or a computer we use energy and we need water to produce this energy.

The truth about water

The truth is that we are lucky enough to have clean water whenever we want, but this is not the case for many people around the world. Did you know that around 750 million people do not have clean water to drink? That’s around 1 in 10 people in the world. And did you know that 2.5 billion people do not have clean toilets? That’s about 1 in 3 people in the world.

But what does this mean?

If we drink dirty water or we can’t wash our hands when we go to the toilet, we can catch diseases from the bacteria and become ill. Every year over 500,000 children die from diarrhoea from dirty water. That’s around 1,400 children every day! In Ghana, 80% of all diseases are from dirty water, in Nigeria 70% of people don’t have toilets and in Nicaragua, 80% of people don’t have clean drinking water. Also, in some countries children walk many kilometres every day to get water and sometimes the water isn’t even clean! If children walk many hours a day to get water, they can’t go to school so they don’t learn how to read or write and don’t get an education.

Water for everyone

In 1993 the United Nations decided that March 22nd is the World Day for Water. On this day every year, countries around the world hold events to educate people about the problems of dirty water and that clean water is something that everyone should have around the world. People organise events to raise money and this money helps countries like Nigeria or Nicaragua get clean water to its people so that children don’t die from diarrhoea and so that they can go to school.

For World Water Day, some people in the UK walk, run or cycle 10km, others climb mountains or even jump from an aeroplane and skydive to the ground. At one school children between the ages of 10 and 15 walk 6km with 6 litres of water so they can see how it feels to walk a long distance carrying heavy bottles of water. People give them money to do these things and all the money helps get clean water to as many people as possible around the world.

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Discussion

What do you think are the most important things we use water for? Did anything in the article surprise you? What can you do to save water?

Comments

Martin159's picture
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Martin159 21 March, 2016 - 03:39

I think the most important thinks we use the water are drink it, grow plants, and cook food; I was surpriced with the diarrhoea because i didn´t know it was a deadly sickness.

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Ken's picture
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Ken 21 June, 2015 - 09:51

I've been wondering why so many people are facing a crisis of water regardless of the bounty of the sea…
But I tried to thingk about many landlocked developing countries where people have problems with clean water. Would it be due to the geography?
….Nope, I think good infrastructure for water would be a primary issue which the government should acknowledge the importance and take action for the people...…
\\٩(๑`^´๑)۶//

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Savaan's picture
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Savaan 20 June, 2015 - 14:10

In my opinion, Water is most important for drinking.
In this article, I was surprised to know that there are millions of children like us who do not get clean water to drink.

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Sanchez's picture
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Sanchez 11 June, 2015 - 12:07

1) What do you think are the most important things we use water for?
I think that water is the most important for: cleaning products , body wash, growing plants , maintenance of water in the body.
2) Did anything in the article surprise you?
In this article, I was surprised that there is a celebration World Water Day.
3) What can you do to save water?
You need to tightly close the taps at home

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100 users have voted.
Rmsh's picture
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Rmsh 10 June, 2015 - 00:56

This article is very useful and wonderful...
I have already enjoyed when I am reading..
It was new information for me....
thanx so much ^^

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109 users have voted.
niky_02nqn's picture
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niky_02nqn 17 April, 2015 - 23:50

Well, water is really important for everything! but I think we use more water for hydration and hygiene (these things are the most important, it's my thought). The world it's not a world without water and cleaning! That is why we've got to save water for those who don't have it! It's too shocking and sad to know that 80% of people don’t have clean drinking water for drink while, in my house i have it everyday! I promise to save water and use it responsibly, now and ever!

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120 users have voted.
TripleSwag's picture
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TripleSwag 13 April, 2015 - 20:39

For my PYP Exhibition topic im doing pollution. This article is very helpful for my Topic thank you.
I never knew that 1400 people die every day just in Ghana and i cant imagine what is it like for the rest of the world :( . I always thought we were 100% water. So far i know is that Brazil is having a Major Problem with water because people use water in Brazil to hose their drive way. 80% of the water in Brazil is Hydroelectric and they are starting to use the Amazone for water.

If you have Any articles for e-waste which is eletronic waste please reply to my comment.

Thx From #TripleSwag

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125 users have voted.
Doris's picture
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Doris 6 April, 2015 - 12:22

I think water is very important and precious ,the water on the Earth is not drinkable.So we must save,if we don't want to die.

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hadia's picture
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hadia 1 April, 2015 - 08:25

Water covers abut 70% of the earth's surface but only 1% is available for freshwater. As mentioned above in the article about billions of people on the earth lack safe and clean water. The use this unhygienic water is resulting in spreading of water borne infectious diseases. they result in the death of millions of people per annum on earth among whom most are children. The lack of access to the safe water and sanitation has many serious repercussions. We are polluting our water day by day which is one of the most alarming issues faced by mankind. Water scarcity adversely affect our lives and the development of country as well . We need to bring behavioral changes to preserve water because it is our vital need. there must be:
1. adequate disposal of sewage
2. strict control over use of chemical trash
these measures will lead to the safety of freshwater and hence we can make our future safe!

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Demy's picture
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Demy 22 March, 2015 - 15:42

Hi everybody!
I haven't been there for so long period but I came back :)
In fact, the problem of water every year becomes more and more serious so we should make efforts to solve it as soon as possible. Because sometimes simple things like turn off the water, when brushing your teeth, or less stand in the shower - can save someone's life. Frankly speaking I am astonished from these figures and I will try to use less water in future. Hope that it will help somebody

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JoEditor's picture
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JoEditor 23 March, 2015 - 11:20

Hi Demy,
Welcome back to LearnEnglish Teens! It's nice to see that you're back again. How are your English studies going?
Best wishes, Jo (LearnEnglish Teens Team) 

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Demy's picture
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Demy 23 March, 2015 - 14:53

Hi JoEditor :) I'm glad about that you have noticed my absence.
I cannot say that I quite raised in my skills for this year because I had a lot of problems in my life. But soon I should pass my exams and I am worried a lot. I am happy that I have a not bad knowledge base I received of this site and my assiduous training. But now I need not just basic knowledge for entering to the University but much more...
I am especially concerned about my writing skills. It is very difficult to force myself to write every day but I try.
I hope this site will help me again in this difficult time :) Thanks a lot

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