A research study has looked into what happens inside your brain while you read and listen to music. 

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You know that thrill you get when listening to your favourite music? That exciting feeling down your spine when you hear your favourite melody or rhythm? According to a recent study, it seems the same thing can happen while you are reading, but not with every kind of text. This opens up fascinating questions around how music, reading and emotions are connected in the brain.

The study

‘We decided we would do a comparison between four or five different kinds of texts to see how the brain responded,’ explains Professor Adam Zeman, a neurologist. ‘The participants lay in an MRI scanner reading the texts, and then we compared brain activity for those five texts.’ The texts ranged from deadly boring ones to highly stimulating ones, including the Highway Code, extracts from novels, sonnets and poems.

So what happened in the participants’ brains while they were reading?

Emotional response

As the researchers observed, participants found some texts more emotional than others. When reading these emotional texts, there was higher activity in brain areas associated with pleasure and reward – the same areas related to the thrill we get when we listen to music. As Zeman says, ‘it was a nice demonstration that the emotional response to literature and to music has quite a bit in common. So it doesn’t seem to matter whether you are listening or reading if you get a thrill. That was one quite strong finding.’

Introspection

There were more interesting findings. Reading poetry is often considered a reflective and contemplative activity, but did the study find any neurological evidence of this? In fact, when the participants were reading poems, the team found there was more activity in a particular group of brain areas called the Default Network. ‘These areas seem to be associated with things we do with our minds when we are resting, like thinking about what’s happened to us recently, thinking about what’s going to happen in the near future, about other people, and that network seems to be more strongly associated with poetry than with prose,’ explains Zeman. This connection between poetry and introspection could be the subject of further research.

Conclusions

The study shows that the different texts activate different areas of our brains when we read. Zeman reflects that ‘the study did confirm what we thought, in particular our belief that the response to literature was going to be a bit like the response to music in terms of emotion. We felt that we ended up with a great deal of unanswered questions which we hope somebody will continue to ask.’

If you're interested in science check out the British Council's science magazine called Cubed

Total votes: 235
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Discussion

Do you prefer reading poetry, reading prose or listening to music?

Comments

wiseteen's picture
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wiseteen 29 August, 2016 - 15:51

I am keen on listening to music more than reading poetry or prose. But I am as interesting in music as beautiful books from teen and YA fiction

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34 users have voted.
Ran's picture
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Ran 7 October, 2016 - 17:34

hi wiseteen.Do you like reading novels? They are great and of course they have beautiful cover :)
best wishes,

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22 users have voted.
Laurelinde's picture
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Laurelinde 20 February, 2016 - 16:51

I enjoy either reading poetry or reading prose. Both of them may be really thrilling and terrific! Also, I'm fond of listening to music, especially classic and folk-rock one. I think, it helps me to develop my imagination and dream about another worlds.

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75 users have voted.