Daisy and her new friend are at the shopping centre and they meet Oliver by chance. 

We use some and any for talking about indefinite numbers or amounts of things. We use them with nouns or on their own, as pronouns.

I know about some and any. You use some in positive sentences and any in questions and negatives, right?

Well, yes, often.

We've got some amazing chocolate cake, and some carrot cake.
Have you got any chocolate cake?
I haven't had any carrot cake for ages.

But we also use any in positive sentences.

Any cake will do. Surprise me.
She can tell you everything about ... well, about anything!

Oh, so what’s the rule?

We use some for talking about a limited number or amount; and we use any for an unlimited number or amount. For example, imagine you are talking about different kinds of cake. All these sentences are possible:

A I like any kind of cake. (= all kinds of cake, unlimited)
B I don't like any kind of cake. (= 0 kinds of cake, unlimited)
C I like some kinds of cake. (= a limited number of kinds of cake)
D I don't like some kinds of cake. (= a limited number of kinds of cake)

OK, I think that’s clear. I like any kind of music. I don’t like some dogs.

Yes, if you like all music and if you also like some dogs.

Yes, I like most dogs, but not dogs that bite, or dogs that are ill.

OK, then.

And what about questions? Can we use both some and any in questions?

Yes, we use both.

Would you like some more coffee?
Would you like any more to eat?

Here the difference is very small. The speaker is thinking of a limited amount in the first question, and an unlimited amount in the second question. In both questions we could use some or any.

Sometimes we use some when we expect the answer to be “yes”. We use any when we don’t know what the answer will be; we are asking whether something exists.

Can I have some sugar? (I know there’s some sugar)
Is there any cake left? (I don’t know whether there’s any cake)
Are you waiting for somebody? (I think you are)
Is anybody coming to meet you? (I don’t know)

Did you say we can use some and any on their own, as pronouns?

Yes, we don’t need to repeat the noun.

Is there any cake?
Yes, do you want some? / Sorry, there isn’t any. / Sorry, there’s none left.

Ah, none. That’s new to me.

Yes, we can use  none  or no + noun instead of not any. 

Have we got any onions?
No, there aren’t any. / There are none left.
We haven’t got any money. = We have no money.

What about somebody, anybody, everybody and nobody? Can you tell me more about how you use those words?

Of course. Somebody/anybody/nobody/everybody are used as singular nouns, even though everybody refers to more than one person and anybody can mean more than one person.

I saw somebody outside the window. (= 1 person)
There’s nobody there. (= 0 person)
Everybody knows that The Beatles were from Liverpool. (= all people)
Has anybody seen my keys? (= 1+ people)

Is somebody the same as someone?

Yes, it’s the same. We also use:

People: someone - anyone - no one - everyone
Things: something - anything - nothing - everything
Places: somewhere - anywhere - nowhere - everywhere

OK, I think that’s everything for today. I’ve got to go somewhere to meet somebody.

You don’t want to ask anything else?

No, thank you!

 

Discussion

What snacks do you and your friends like to have together? What do you have to drink with them?

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Topics: 

Comments

nandosc9's picture
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nandosc9 8 July, 2015 - 01:42

Most of my friends like pizza. Usually we go to eat some pizza and drink soda after college

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mike95rob's picture
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mike95rob 7 July, 2015 - 07:48

when I go out with my friends we go to eat to bbq wings and usually we prefer to drink beer and fruit juice

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stephania1799's picture
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stephania1799 7 July, 2015 - 06:04

when I go out with my friends we prefer to eat some candies or drink smothies. Our favorite smothie is Strawberry with banano.

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Angielu's picture
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Angielu 6 July, 2015 - 17:50

I love pizza, but some of them don't like it. When i go out with them i usually eat chocolates and drink soda.

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JennySam's picture
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JennySam 6 July, 2015 - 16:28

A some of my friends and I would like to eat hamburger or pizza, but some of them don't like hamburguer. We like to drink orange juice or a beer cold.

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fernanda2000's picture
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fernanda2000 6 July, 2015 - 16:25

I like the pizza, when I go out with my friends our favorite snack is chocolata and
some of my friends prefer peanuts or crackers

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Angela8's picture
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Angela8 10 December, 2014 - 18:12

I really love chocolate cake and some of my friends , but some of them don't like chocolate . And we all love Orange juice

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HereWeGo's picture
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HereWeGo 26 November, 2013 - 13:05

I have a question. I know this isn't the right place where i can ask this, but... what's the difference between 'a lot of' and 'lots of'. I have large problems with these two.

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Jonathan - Coordinator's picture
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Jonathan - Coor... 27 November, 2013 - 07:35

Hi! Well, actually there's no difference in meaning. So, you can say "I have a lot of hobbies" or "I have lots of hobbies" - the meaning is the same. :) Does that help with your question?
Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

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WildChild's picture
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WildChild 24 July, 2013 - 13:30

We like to eat popcorn , chips , candies , pancakes ..... We like drinking Coca-Cola , Sprite , juice .. :) :)

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SARAH K's picture
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SARAH K 18 July, 2013 - 12:39

yes, I like to have snacks together with my friends. We usually have chips and drink any fruit juice, Or we have a hamburger or pizza. Nothing special but I like being together with my friends

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Laloheartcool's picture
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Laloheartcool 10 July, 2013 - 15:16

Hi !
Me and my friend would like to eat cup cakes or pizza . We like to drink a cold drink like orange or apple drinks .

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katka's picture
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katka 26 June, 2013 - 19:49

I really like pancakes but when I with my friends, I prefer pizza. They don t like pancakes. Never mind. I love pizza, too. :)

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nadoucha's picture
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nadoucha 26 June, 2013 - 17:59

I want to do anything now ! I feel bored, maybe going to somewhere is a good idea , I can buy something to eat and enjoy my time with one of my best friends .

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leeza's picture
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leeza 21 June, 2013 - 18:12

i would like to thanks from britishcouncil for making this wonderful web for the ones who wants to learn english thanks

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JoEditor's picture
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JoEditor 21 June, 2013 - 19:30

Hi leeza,
Thanks a lot for your comment. It's great to know that our users like our website and find it useful. :) Best wishes, Jo (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

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Angelica's picture
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Angelica 29 May, 2013 - 19:30

Hello everybody!!!
My friends are very specil in my life.If together we will eat or drink We drink cola (SOMETIMES)or ICETEA
We eat chocolate or ice cream(in the summer )I and my friends are CRAYZ ABOUT chocolate.I like my friendssss!!!!!

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