Daisy and her new friend are at the shopping centre and they meet Oliver by chance. 

We use some and any for talking about indefinite numbers or amounts of things. We use them with nouns or on their own, as pronouns.

I know about some and any. You use some in positive sentences and any in questions and negatives, right?

Well, yes, often.

We've got some amazing chocolate cake, and some carrot cake.
Have you got any chocolate cake?
I haven't had any carrot cake for ages.

But we also use any in positive sentences.

Any cake will do. Surprise me.
She can tell you everything about ... well, about anything!

Oh, so what’s the rule?

We use some for talking about a limited number or amount; and we use any for an unlimited number or amount. For example, imagine you are talking about different kinds of cake. All these sentences are possible:

A I like any kind of cake. (= all kinds of cake, unlimited)
B I don't like any kind of cake. (= 0 kinds of cake, unlimited)
C I like some kinds of cake. (= a limited number of kinds of cake)
D I don't like some kinds of cake. (= a limited number of kinds of cake)

OK, I think that’s clear. I like any kind of music. I don’t like some dogs.

Yes, if you like all music and if you also like some dogs.

Yes, I like most dogs, but not dogs that bite, or dogs that are ill.

OK, then.

And what about questions? Can we use both some and any in questions?

Yes, we use both.

Would you like some more coffee?
Would you like any more to eat?

Here the difference is very small. The speaker is thinking of a limited amount in the first question, and an unlimited amount in the second question. In both questions we could use some or any.

Sometimes we use some when we expect the answer to be “yes”. We use any when we don’t know what the answer will be; we are asking whether something exists.

Can I have some sugar? (I know there’s some sugar)
Is there any cake left? (I don’t know whether there’s any cake)
Are you waiting for somebody? (I think you are)
Is anybody coming to meet you? (I don’t know)

Did you say we can use some and any on their own, as pronouns?

Yes, we don’t need to repeat the noun.

Is there any cake?
Yes, do you want some? / Sorry, there isn’t any. / Sorry, there’s none left.

Ah, none. That’s new to me.

Yes, we can use  none  or no + noun instead of not any. 

Have we got any onions?
No, there aren’t any. / There are none left.
We haven’t got any money. = We have no money.

What about somebody, anybody, everybody and nobody? Can you tell me more about how you use those words?

Of course. Somebody/anybody/nobody/everybody are used as singular nouns, even though everybody refers to more than one person and anybody can mean more than one person.

I saw somebody outside the window. (= 1 person)
There’s nobody there. (= 0 person)
Everybody knows that The Beatles were from Liverpool. (= all people)
Has anybody seen my keys? (= 1+ people)

Is somebody the same as someone?

Yes, it’s the same. We also use:

People: someone - anyone - no one - everyone
Things: something - anything - nothing - everything
Places: somewhere - anywhere - nowhere - everywhere

OK, I think that’s everything for today. I’ve got to go somewhere to meet somebody.

You don’t want to ask anything else?

No, thank you!

 

Discussion

What snacks do you and your friends like to have together? What do you have to drink with them?

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Comments

MH Mahabub's picture
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MH Mahabub 19 May, 2013 - 05:19

Friends are very special in my life.When we met together and feel hungry we eat Maxican Chili Burger at a good place.We not only eat but also made so much fun.It makes our snakes more testy.We take Coca-Cola with it.This phenomenons are always the best feeling to me.Thanks friends.....

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Jholla bieber's picture
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Jholla bieber 14 May, 2013 - 22:26

When Me & my friends hang out, we usually bought hamburger, and we ate in beach.. It's so funn..

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postolie's picture
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postolie 13 May, 2013 - 12:04

I eat p opcorn and biscuits. And for drink i use water or ice tea for drink. And when we are at the restaurant we eat pizza and drink fruit juice.

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Kamil Kozub's picture
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Kamil Kozub 28 April, 2013 - 18:09

When I meet with my friends and we want to eat sth, we go for a pizza. We have one really good place. If you want to taste, we invite you to Polish ;)

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manikak2002's picture
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manikak2002 28 April, 2013 - 16:11

we usually have idly in the morning. we usually have the lunch at chicken county on every Friday. we sit together and we eat some kinds of chicken variety dishes. it takes one hours to have a lunch.. we rarely go to mohal birayani shop in a month., we usually order a pulpy orange grape juices. I have never had juices like pulpy anywhere in Bangalore. it is really tasty one.. Regarding Snack, we usually have snacks in the evening when we are in cafeteria. we have some kind of poori and bau baji.. it is an indian dishes.. Please let me know if any grammatical mistakes in this comments. correct me if im worng.. I am looking forward to your review comments.

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JoEditor's picture
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JoEditor 29 April, 2013 - 09:42

Hi manikak2002,
There were a few things I didn't understand in your comment. What do you mean by 'idly'? Could that be 'breakfast'? Also, it's great to hear about the food from your country but could you explain what it is? I'd love to know what 'poori' and 'bau baji' are.
Thanks a lot! :)
Best wishes, Jo (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

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manikak2002's picture
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manikak2002 29 April, 2013 - 19:26

Hi JoEditor.,

idly is our famous breakfast in our state. we can call it as 'Rice cake' . Idly is made by rice. rice will be ground well and we get liquid state of rice. we put that liquid in the vessel and steam cook it. its a healthier food.. even doctors advise to sick persons/( Born babies ) to have idly in the breakfast and dinner. it will be digested soon..

Bau paji and Poor is made by atta(wheat).

Is there any difficulties to understand my comments? Please let me know how can i improve my communication skills? witting and speaking skills especially ..

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JoEditor's picture
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JoEditor 29 April, 2013 - 20:26

Hi manikak2002,
Thanks for the explanations. That's great! :) I would love to try 'idly' rice cakes for breakfast one day. It sounds like a very healthy option.
I can understand your comment perfectly. Congratulations on your English! :)
Best wishes, Jo (LearnEnglish Teens Team)

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Natalija's picture
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Natalija 25 April, 2013 - 14:33

We usually have some pancakes, cake or something like that. We usually drink lemonade and orange juice. I agree with Demy, it's more tasty and funny when you share it with your friends and eat it together.

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Demy's picture
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Demy 25 April, 2013 - 14:14

Hi =)
I like to eat snacks especially with my friends, because it's even more tasty and funny =) My favourite food has to be chocolate pancakes. You can get it pretty much anywhere and all you do is make a normal pancake batter but then pour in melted chocolate. I like it because it's really tasty and you never get tired of them but they always fill you up... It's probably a breakfast or dessert and I always have them on Pancake day and sometimes Christmas and my birthday. I eat them especially with my favourite drink - tea. And the first time I ever had one was when I went camping with my friends and we roasted them on the campfire and they were yummy!!! =)

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